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The Great Thanksgiving Hoax-- Mises Institute...

The Great Thanksgiving Hoax

Mises Daily: Saturday, November 20, 1999 by Richard J. Maybury

Each year at this time school children all over America are taught the official Thanksgiving story, and newspapers, radio, TV, and magazines devote vast amounts of time and space to it. It is all very colorful and fascinating.

It is also very deceiving. This official story is nothing like what really happened. It is a fairy tale, a whitewashed and sanitized collection of half-truths which divert attention away from Thanksgiving's real meaning.

The official story has the pilgrims boarding the Mayflower, coming to America and establishing the Plymouth colony in the winter of 1620-21. This first winter is hard, and half the colonists die. But the survivors are hard working and tenacious, and they learn new farming techniques from the Indians. The harvest of 1621 is bountiful. The Pilgrims hold a celebration, and give thanks to God. They are grateful for the wonderful new abundant land He has given them.

The official story then has the Pilgrims living more or less happily ever after, each year repeating the first Thanksgiving. Other early colonies also have hard times at first, but they soon prosper and adopt the annual tradition of giving thanks for this prosperous new land called America.

The problem with this official story is that the harvest of 1621 was not bountiful, nor were the colonists hardworking or tenacious. 1621 was a famine year and many of the colonists were lazy thieves.

In his 'History of Plymouth Plantation,' the governor of the colony, William Bradford, reported that the colonists went hungry for years, because they refused to work in the fields. They preferred instead to steal food. He says the colony was riddled with "corruption," and with "confusion and discontent." The crops were small because "much was stolen both by night and day, before it became scarce eatable."

In the harvest feasts of 1621 and 1622, "all had their hungry bellies filled," but only briefly. The prevailing condition during those years was not the abundance the official story claims, it was famine and death. The first "Thanksgiving" was not so much a celebration as it was the last meal of condemned men.

But in subsequent years something changes. The harvest of 1623 was different. Suddenly, "instead of famine now God gave them plenty," Bradford wrote, "and the face of things was changed, to the rejoicing of the hearts of many, for which they blessed God." Thereafter, he wrote, "any general want or famine hath not been amongst them since to this day." In fact, in 1624, so much food was produced that the colonists were able to begin exporting corn.

What happened?

After the poor harvest of 1622, writes Bradford, "they began to think how they might raise as much corn as they could, and obtain a better crop." They began to question their form of economic organization.

This had required that "all profits & benefits that are got by trade, working, fishing, or any other means" were to be placed in the common stock of the colony, and that, "all such persons as are of this colony, are to have their meat, drink, apparel, and all provisions out of the common stock." A person was to put into the common stock all he could, and take out only what he needed.

This "from each according to his ability, to each according to his need" was an early form of socialism, and it is why the Pilgrims were starving. Bradford writes that "young men that are most able and fit for labor and service" complained about being forced to "spend their time and strength to work for other men's wives and children." Also, "the strong, or man of parts, had no more in division of victuals and clothes, than he that was weak." So the young and strong refused to work and the total amount of food produced was never adequate.

To rectify this situation, in 1623 Bradford abolished socialism. He gave each household a parcel of land and told them they could keep what they produced, or trade it away as they saw fit. In other words, he replaced socialism with a free market, and that was the end of famines.

Many early groups of colonists set up socialist states, all with the same terrible results. At Jamestown, established in 1607, out of every shipload of settlers that arrived, less than half would survive their first twelve months in America. Most of the work was being done by only one-fifth of the men, the other four-fifths choosing to be parasites. In the winter of 1609-10, called "The Starving Time," the population fell from five-hundred to sixty.

Then the Jamestown colony was converted to a free market, and the results were every bit as dramatic as those at Plymouth. In 1614, Colony Secretary Ralph Hamor wrote that after the switch there was "plenty of food, which every man by his own industry may easily and doth procure." He said that when the socialist system had prevailed, "we reaped not so much corn from the labors of thirty men as three men have done for themselves now."

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told this story to someone

a few months ago and you would think I grew a second head.

Tell the children

the Truth.

I was certainly never taught this in school:

This "from each according to his ability, to each according to his need" was an early form of socialism, and it is why the Pilgrims were starving.

I wonder why they don't teach that.

Great story!

What are you fightin' for?
Caught in the middle?
Freedom is only for those with the guts to defend it!

What are you fightin' for?
Caught in the middle?
Freedom is only for those with the guts to defend it!




But try teaching that concept to 5-8 year olds.
Regardless of all the adult "details"...the main theme of Thanksgiving remains...
1. The first American Thanksgivings began with our pilgrim forefathers in celebration for the fall harvest. It was then, and remains a yearly celebration.
2. The particular one in 1621 by Plymouth settlers and Indians is documented. I can assure you that "corn" was not the only food at the feast.
3. The Indians were at the time, co-existing with the settlers.
4. Though there have always been feasts of celebrations in the fall for the years bounty (whether they planted it or reaped poke salad from the forest), Lincoln passed a proclamation in 1863 to nationalize the day for our nation.
The children are not taught a lie. They are simply spared the gory details of adult life...and not just about the corn.
Let them be children.They'll learn soon enough.

"The children are not taught

"The children are not taught a lie. They are simply spared the gory details of adult life...and not just about the corn.
Let them be children.They'll learn soon enough."-You


By "gory" you mean that Socialism SUCKS! And "they'll learn soon enough", when is soon enough? 10yrs, 12yrs, 15yrs, 20yrs? I doubt that after years of celebrating that day, they will be open-minded to the idea that what they're really celebrating is the start of a fallacy.

"the main theme of Thanksgiving remains."-You

Going by the article, we can assuredly give thanks that Socialism in its 17th century form sucked back then as much as it sucks now.

"Half a truth is often a great lie."-Benjamin Franklin

You tell me

What exact statement that I said I would teach would you claim is a lie? Please be specific.
At what age do YOU think you should dump all the truths that even adults have problems accepting and dealing with on the children?
Is 5 and 6 years old early enough for you? Do you even think those kids could understand what you were just rambling about?
I was talking about kids in kindergarten and first grade. Good grief. At least spare the children your anger.

I am so glad you are not teaching my children

What is "gory" about truth?
Let me guess, you are OK with telling kids about Santa, too?

Truth exists, and it deserves to be cherished.

Excuse me???

Santa is a lie. The first documented Thanksgiving is not a lie, nor is the history of celebrating Thanksgiving in our nation.
Neither is Lincoln's Thanksgiving Proclamation.
I don't teach lies.

I determine at what age a child can intellectually and emotionally handle additional details or the more complex ideas and adult concepts.

Perhaps you should become a K-2 teacher and teach the little 5-7 year olds all the "gory" TRUTHS about sex, porno, rape, abortion, animal slaughter, torture, death, war, politicial deceit, capitol punishment, propaganda, divorce, crime, and life's ugly side in general.

For that, I am quite thankful that YOU are not teaching my young children -

A good high school, or college professor you might be...but just because something is true does not mean it is necessary to share for every occasion.


"The politics of failure have failed! We need to make them work again!" Kang

-=Sui Juris=-

"Half a truth is often a

"Half a truth is often a great lie."-Benjamin Franklin