Relevant Laws I've Found For Bound DelegatesSubmitted by Duane Vick on Wed, 05/02/2012 - 21:06
Section 70I. If there is a roll call vote for president at the national convention of a political party, all delegates and alternate delegates whose selection is subject by party rule to the approval of a presidential candidate shall vote on the first such roll call for that presidential candidate unless released by such candidate.
That comes from Chapter 53 of Title VIII. Here is the relevant penalties I've found:
Section 60. Whenever the state secretary determines, after consulting with the local official involved, that a pattern of conduct, or a standard, practice, or procedure of a city or town clerk, board of registrars of voters, or any other municipal or district officer or board upon whom a duty is imposed is contrary to chapters fifty to fifty-four, inclusive, or any other general or special law concerning administration of elections, he may order such local official to comply with law. The attorney general may enforce the order by civil action. The state secretary may adopt procedural regulations governing administrative proceedings under this section. The remedy provided by this section shall not in any way limit the availability of judicial remedies to any person, official, commission or board.
(This would appear to be the most relevant as it addresses violations of Chapter 53)
Section 47. Whoever wilfully disobeys any lawful command of an election, caucus or primary officer shall be punished by a fine of not more than one hundred dollars or by imprisonment for not more than one month.
(If you are bound delegate for Romney in Massachusetts and looking to vote Paul instead, I would suggest you meet up with other bound delegates, put together a little money to get a consult from a lawyer in your state. Should only cost a hundred or two to get his opinion on how much hot water you are likely to face for completely switching your vote. It's probably not as bad as you might think.)
(c) Each delegate to the Republican National Convention shall use
his or her best efforts at the convention for the party's
presidential nominee candidate from California to whom the delegate
has pledged support until the person is nominated for the office of
President of the United States by the convention, receives less than
10 percent of the votes for nomination by the convention, releases
the delegate from his or her obligation, or until two convention
nominating ballots have been taken. Thereafter, each delegate shall
be free to vote as he or she chooses, and no rule may be adopted by a
delegation requiring the delegation to vote as a body or causing the
vote of any delegate to go uncounted or unreported.
(I couldn't find a specific penalty for failing to vote as bound, but this general provision might apply) I can't directly link to it but it's at http://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov and it's under California Election Code Division 18 which has all the penalties.
DIVISION 18. PENAL PROVISIONS [18000. - 18700.]
( Division 18 enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2. )
CHAPTER 1. General Provisions [18000. - 18002.]
( Chapter 1 enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2. )
Every person charged with the performance of any duty under any law of this state relating to elections, who willfully neglects or refuses to perform it, or who, in his or her official capacity, knowingly and fraudulently acts in contravention or violation of any of those laws, is, unless a different punishment is prescribed by this code, punishable by fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000) or by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 of the Penal Code for 16 months or two or three years, or by both that fine and imprisonment.
(Amended by Stats. 2011, Ch. 15, Sec. 57. Effective April 4, 2011. Operative October 1, 2011, by Sec. 636 of Ch. 15, as amended by Stats. 2011, Ch. 39, Sec. 68.)
(Looks like $1000 and some possible jail time at worst, but I'm sure a first time offender might get probation. CA delegates bound for other candidates should pool together a few hundred bucks to get a consult from an attorney before switching votes. The "best efforts" provision is kinda shakey. What constitutes best effort? )
Really hard to find anything in state law that requires delegates be bound, so it's likely just a party rule. That being said, the only penalty I could find for a violation of election law by an election official is this: http://www.mscode.com/free/statutes/23/015/0269.htm
SEC. 23-15-269. Penalty for violation of election law by election official.
Any election commissioner, or any other officer or person acting as such, or performing election duty, who shall willfully refuse or knowingly fail to perform any duty required of him by the election laws, or who shall violate any of the provisions thereof, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not less than Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00) nor more than One Hundred Dollars ($100.00), or be imprisoned in the county jail not less than ten (10) days nor more than ninety (90) days, or both.
SOURCES: Derived from 1972 Code Sec. 23-5-161 [Codes, 1892, Sec. 3669; 1906, Sec. 4176; Hemingway's 1917, Sec. 6810; 1930, Sec. 6246; 1942, Sec. 3275; Repealed by Laws, 1986, ch. 495, Sec. 335]; En, Laws, 1986, ch. 495, Sec. 83, eff from and after January 1, 1987.
(Although it's applicability is doubtful, it looks like worst case scenario is 90 days in jail and $100 fine. Seek the advice of an attorney.)
I will post more states as I find information. This is pretty exhausting.