America’s First Undeclared War & Hard Times - Civil War TokensSubmitted by Charleston Voice on Thu, 06/21/2012 - 14:38
Published by Charleston Voice, 06.20.12
And again, it was Jeffersonian South Carolinians that angered the new central government and stirred up patriotic passions in the new colonies.
Be advised we will most likely see the re-appearance of "hard times" tokens. The minting of silver Liberty Dollar coins by the imprisoned Bernard von Nothaus was our first effort, but was crushed by our own government's tyranny. Bankers will use their government enforcers to make war on any substitutes to their counterfeit dollar. Remember the words of John D. Rockefeller: "Competition is a sin."
America’s First Undeclared War
Although most people know that France was our ally towards the end of the Revolutionary War, what they don’t know is that just a few years later, France also became our enemy in our first undeclared war against another country. France suffered its own revolution in 1789 that overthrew the monarchy.
In 1797, France was run by a group of five men known as The Directory. The Directory wanted the United States to be an ally of theirs in a war against Great Britain. George Washington, on the other hand, wanted the United States to stay neutral. In 1794, the United States signed Jay’s Treaty with Great Britain which angered France. The French, in turn, unleashed their navy and privateers on American shipping.
Demand for Tribute
It was these events that led Pinckney [of Charleston, SC] and the others to travel to France to try to address the French grievances. When they got to France they were kept waiting by the French Foreign Minister Talleyrand. During this time, they were approached by three individuals, later identified as X, Y, and Z in documents. Messengers X, Y, and Z informed the American party that before any negotiations could begin, the United States would have to pay the five members of The Directory $50,000 each and pay tribute to France in the form of a $10,000,000 loan. These demands are what prompted Pinckney’s “not a sixpence” response.
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