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Documentaries & Biographies: History, Economics, Entrepreneurs, Scientists, Inventors, Capitalists, etc. (Resource Library)

"Empty your purse into your mind and your mind will fill your purse with coins."
~ Benjamin Franklin

(Under Construction)

The purpose of this post is to provide a quick reference for those who wish to learn about the lives of men and women who helped make economic progress possible. Here you will find movies and books about the lives of people who have excelled in various lines of endeavor. Videos on economics and related historical events have also been added. I've also added books on learning and thinking. Many of the links on this post have not been properly categorized as I sometimes add miscellaneous books or videos that I find interesting. The two "Related Posts" categories at the end of the table of contents may be of interest to many viewers.

Most of the books link to Archive.org and are available to read in multiple formats. The "Read Online" or "DjVu" links at Archive.org may be the easiest to read.

(Caveat: Some biographies may selectively portray the positive aspects of an individual's life and omit the negative, but they may still be useful.)

~ Stillwater

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TABLE OF CONTENTS - Sections
(Click "Back" button on browser to return to Table)

Movies | Television | Videos

  • Longitude - (TV biographical drama: 2000) John Harrison, carpenter, clockmaker, inventor of the marine chronometer
  • The Machine That Made Us - (BBC documentary: 2005) Johann Gutenberg - Gutenberg Press

Profiles & Autobiographies - Books

  • How They Succeeded: Life Stories of Successful Men and Women Told by Themselves - (1903) - Orison Swett Marden
    Profiled: Marshall Field, Alexander G. Bell, Helen Gould, Philip D. Armour, Mary E. Proctor, Jacob Gould Schurman, John Wanamaker, F. Wellington Ruckstuhl, Darius Ogden Mills, Madame Lillian Nordica, William Dean Howells, John D. Rockefeller, Julia Ward Howe, Thomas A. Edison, General Lew Wallace, Andrew Carnegie, Hereshoff the Yacht Builder, Amelia E. Barr, Theodore Thomas, John Burroughs, Herbert H. Vreeland, James Whitcomb Riley

Learning & Mental Development - Books on thinking, memory, logic, etc.
(The list below only highlights a few of the books in this category.)

Related Posts on Technology & Innovation

Related Posts on Learning

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The Call of the Entrepreneur - (2007)
"The Acton Institute has put together a very effective hour-long feature called The Call of the Entrepreneur, which has been premiering in theaters across the country over the past several months. We had the pleasure of premiering it in our own home not long ago, and it is quite excellent. For once, the moral dimension of entrepreneurial activity is brought to the fore and celebrated. For once the heroes are creators, not political hacks.

The film centers around three individuals and their stories. So as not to spoil it, I won’t reveal anything more. But it’s about time the private sector got this kind of sympathetic and compelling treatment. (The production values are surprisingly good, too.)"
(Thomas E. Woods)

Trailer

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Longitude - (2000)
"Gracefully adapted from Dava Sobel's extraordinary bestseller, the four-part TV production of Longitude combines drama, history, and science into a stimulating, painstakingly authentic account of personal triumph and joyous discovery. Equally impressive is the way writer-director Charles Sturridge has crafted parallel stories that complement each other with enriching perspective. The first story involves the successful 40-year effort of 18th-century clockmaker John Harrison (Michael Gambon) to solve the elusive problem of measuring longitude at sea. In 1714 the British Parliament had offered a generous reward to anyone who solved the problem, and Harrison devoted his life to that solution. The second story, some 200 years later, involves the effort of shell-shocked British Navy veteran Rupert Gould (Jeremy Irons) to restore the glorious clocks that Harrison had built. Like Harrison, Gould is the most admirable type of obsessive, but, also like Harrison, he risks his marriage to accomplish his difficult task.

Thousands of sailors perished at sea before Harrison's triumph changed history, but Longitude demonstrates that Harrison's glory was slow to arrive--and his prize money even slower. A fascinating study of 18th-century British politics and clashing egos in the arena of science, the film is both epic and intimate in consequence, and Sturridge's magnificent script inspires Gambon and Irons to do some of the best work of their outstanding careers. The ever-reliable Ian Hart appears in Part 3 as Harrison's now-adult son and apprentice, and Longitude approaches its dramatic climax with the exhilarating tension of a first-rate thriller. Rallying after sickness to prove the integrity of their marvelous seafaring chronometers, the Harrisons still had to fight for official recognition, and Gould's restoration of the Harrison clockworks provides a fitting coda to this exceptional story about the thrill of discovery and the tenacity of remarkable men."
~ Jeff Shannon (Amazon.com Editorial Review)

Trailer

Full Movie (YouTube):
Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5
Part 6
Part 7
Part 8
Part 9
Part 10
Part 11
Part 12
Part 13
Part 14
Part 15
Part 16
Part 17
Part 18
Part 19
Part 20
Part 21

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The Machine That Made Us - (2008)
"Gutenberg's development of the printing press, one of the most important machines ever invented, ignited a cultural revolution. Stephen Fry, writer and actor, travels to the birthplace of the 15th Century machine and commissions a modern day craftsman to build a working replica that demonstrates the brilliance of Gutenberg's invention."
(Trailer description)

Trailer

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5

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James J. Hill: Empire Builder - (2005)
Note: See also book section for James J. Hill.
"A brief history of the life and times of James J. Hill co-produced with the Minnesota Historical Society." (2005)(Twin Cities Public Television)

Full Movie

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Tesla - Master of Lightning - (2000)
Note: See also book section for Nikola Tesla.
"Nikola Tesla (10 July 1856 -- 7 January 1943) was a Serbian-American inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electrical supply system."

Full Movie

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Gifted Hands - (2009)

Trailer
Full Movie

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The Ludwig von Mises Story
"What kind of man was Ludwig von Mises? As this unique film shows, Mises (1881-1973) was a man who never stopped fighting for freedom: not when the Nazis burned his books, not when the Left blackballed him at universities, not when it seemed as if statism had won. With courage and genius, he fought big government until the day he died ... in 25 books, hundreds of articles, and more than 60 years of teaching... Mises's battles against Communists, Nazis, and other socialists, are featured in this film, as are his ideas of Liberty."

Video

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Economics in One Lesson (Interviews) - Henry Hazlitt
Twelve interviews with different economists about specific chapters in Henry Hazlitt's book, "Economics in One Lesson." See video description for a list of the interviews.

1. Walter Block - The Lesson
2. Thomas DiLorenzo - The Broken Window @ 15:58
3. Jeffrey Herbener - Public Works Means Taxes @ 24:28
4. Tom Woods - Credit Diverts Production @ 41:56
5. Robert Murphy - The Curse of Machinery @ 56:41
6. Walter Block - Disbanding Troops and Bureaucrats @ 1:12:21
7. Mark Thornton - Who's Protected By Tariffs? @ 1:29:35
8. Peter Klein - "Parity" Prices @ 1:47:06
9. Guido Hulsmann - How The Price System Works @ 2:09:13
10. George Reisman - Minimum Wage Laws @ 2:36:41
11. Joseph Salerno - The Function of Profits @ 2:52:45
12. Roger Garrison - The Assault on Saving @ 3:13:18

LUDWIG VON MISES INSTITUTE - CREATIVE COMMONS
(The list above is from the video description.)

Video

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Money, Banking and the Federal Reserve - (1996) Mises Institute
"Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Jackson understood "The Monster". But to most Americans today, "Federal Reserve" is just a name on the dollar bill. They have no idea of what the central bank does to the economy, or to their own economic lives; of how and why it was founded and operates; or of the sound money and banking that could end the statism, inflation, and business cycles that the Fed generates.

Dedicated to Murray N. Rothbard, steeped in American history and Austrian economics, and featuring Ron Paul, Joseph Salerno, Hans Hoppe, and Lew Rockwell, this extraordinary documentary is the clearest, most compelling explanation ever offered of the Fed, and why curbing it must be our first priority.

Video

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Free to Choose - (1980)
"Free to Choose (1980) is a book and a ten-part television series broadcast on public television by economists Milton and Rose D. Friedman that advocates free market principles.

Free to Choose: A Personal Statement maintains that the free market works best for all members of a society, provides examples of how the free market engenders prosperity, and maintains that it can solve problems where other approaches have failed. Published in January 1980, the 297 page book contains 10 chapters. The book was on the United States best sellers list for 5 weeks.

PBS telecast the series, beginning in January 1980. The general format was that of Dr. Friedman visiting and narrating a number of success and failure stories in history, which Dr. Friedman attributes to capitalism or the lack thereof (e.g. Hong Kong is commended for its free markets, while India is excoriated for relying on centralized planning especially for its protection of its traditional textile industry). Following the primary show, Dr. Friedman would engage in discussion with a number of selected debaters drawn from trade unions, academy and the business community..." (Wikipedia)

Part 1 - “The Power of the Market”
Part 2 - "The Tyranny of Control"
Part 3 - "Anatomy of Crisis" (Friedman was a proponent of the Federal Reserve System. See Mises Institute for an accurate explanation of how this institution is actually harmful and creates the "boom & bust" cycle).
Part 4 - "From Cradle to Grave"
Part 5 - "Created Equal"
Part 6 - "What’s Wrong With Our Schools"
Part 7 - "Who Protects the Consumer"
Part 8 - "Who Protects the Worker"
Part 9 - "How to Cure Inflation"
Part 10 - "How to Stay Free"

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How an Economy Grows and Why It Doesn't - (Storybook) Irwin Schiff

Video

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The Kingdom of Moltz - (Storybook) Irwin Schiff
"About inflation and where it comes from."

Video

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Harvest of Despair: The 1932-33 Man-made Famine in Ukraine - (1984)
Note: See video description to jump to different parts of the movie.
"It is called the forgotten holocaust - a time when Stalin was dumping millions of tons of wheat on Western markets, while in Ukraine, men, women, and children were dying of starvation at the rate of 25,000 a day, 17 human beings a minute. Seven to ten million people perished in a famine caused not by war or natural disasters, but by ruthless decree...In 1932-33, roughly one-quarter of the entire population of Ukraine perished through brutal starvation. Harvest of Despair, through its stark, haunting images, provides the eloquent testimony of a lost generation that has been silenced too long." (Source)

Full Movie

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What Soviet Agriculture Teaches Us - Yuri N. Maltsev
Presentation at Mises Circle on May 14, 2011.

Video

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Argentina’s Economic Collapse
"Documentary on the events that led to the economic collapse of Argentina in 2001 which wiped out the middle class and raised the level of poverty to 57.5%. Central to the collapse was the implementation of neo-liberal policies which enabled the swindle of billions of dollars by foreign banks and corporations. Many of Argentina's assets and resources were shamefully plundered. Its financial system was even used for money laundering by Citibank, Credit Suisse, and JP Morgan. The net result was massive wealth transfers and the impoverishment of society which culminated in many deaths due to oppression and malnutrition."

Full Movie

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Amazing Grace - (2006)
"Amazing Grace is a 2006 biographical drama film directed by Michael Apted, about the campaign against slave trade in the British Empire, led by William Wilberforce, who was responsible for steering anti-slave trade legislation through the British parliament. The title is a reference to the hymn "Amazing Grace". The film also recounts the experiences of John Newton as a crewman on a slave ship and subsequent religious conversion, which inspired his writing of the poem later used in the hymn. Newton is portrayed as a major influence on Wilberforce and the abolition movement." (Wikipedia)

Trailer
Full Movie

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Martin Luther: Reluctant Revolutionary
"Few if any men have changed the course of history like Martin Luther. In less than ten years, this fevered German monk plunged a knife into the heart of an empire that had ruled for a thousand years, and set in motion a train of revolution, war and conflict that would reshape Western civilization, and lift it out of the Dark Ages.

Luther's is a drama that still resonates half a millennium on. It's an epic tale that stretches from the gilded corridors of the Vatican to the weathered church door of a small South German town; from the barbarous pyres of heretics to the technological triumph of printing. It is the story of the birth of the modern age, of the collapse of medieval feudalism, and the first shaping of ideals of freedom and liberty that lie at the heart of the 21st century." (PBS)

Full Movie

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Self-Help: With Illustrations of Conduct and Perseverance - By Samuel Smiles
Note: Originally titled, "Self-Help: With Illustrations of Character and Conduct." The change was made for the second edition (1866).

"The object of the book briefly is, to re-inculcate these old-fashioned but wholesome lessons-which perhaps cannot be too often urged, that youth must work in order to enjoy,-that nothing creditable can be accomplished without application and diligence,-that the student must not be daunted by difficulties, but conquer them by patience and perseverance,-and that, above all, he must seek elevation of character, without which capacity is worthless and worldly success is naught. If the author has not succeeded in illustrating these lessons, he can only say that he has failed in his object." (Source)

"Heaven helps those who help themselves" is a well-tried maxim, embodying in a small compass the results of vast human experience. The spirit of self-help is the root of all genuine growth in the individual; and, exhibited in the lives of many, it constitutes the true source of national vigour and strength. Help from without is often enfeebling in its effects, but help from within invariably invigorates. Whatever is done for men or classes, to a certain extent takes away the stimulus and necessity of doing for themselves; and where men are subjected to over-guidance and over-government, the inevitable tendency is to render them comparatively helpless.

~ Excerpt from Chapter 1 of “Self-Help”, by Samuel Smiles

TABLE OF CONTENTS (Source)
I. Self-Help,—National and Individual.
II. Leaders of Industry,—Inventors and Producers.
III. Application and Perseverance.
IV. Helps and Opportunities—Scientific Pursuits.
V. Workers in Art.
VI. Industry and the English Peerage.
VII. Energy and Courage.
VIII. Business Qualities.
IX. Money,—Use and Abuse.
X. Self-Culture.
XI. Facilities and Difficulties.
XII. Example,—Models.
XIII. Character.—The True Gentleman.

Link 1 - Read online (1863) (Library of Economics and Liberty)
Link 2 - Read online (1866) (Archive.org)
Link 3 - Read online (1905)(Archive.org)
Link 4 - Read online (1908) (Archive.org)(Quality DjVu Doc. w/ white background)

Thrift - By Samuel Smiles
Link - Read online (1876)(Archive.org)

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How They Succeeded: Life Stories of Successful Men and Women Told by Themselves - By Orison Swett Marden
“The Gilded Age produced not only some of the richest men and women of all time; its freedom and opportunities built a nation of people of superlative character. This fantastic book from 1901 provides an in-depth look at the lives and choices of some of the most famous among them. The idea is to document the traits that make for great entrepreneurs.

Here it is presented with beautiful personal profiles. From the interviews and reporting, certain common features of success emerge: the need for a work ethic, the necessity of sacrifice, the role of being alert, the centrality of passion to success, the urge to serve others, the desire to break the mold, the willingness to adapt to change, profound attentiveness to real conditions, and also the biographical details of how a person goes from rags to riches.”

Profiled: Marshall Field, Alexander G. Bell, Helen Gould, Philip D. Armour, Mary E. Proctor, Jacob Gould Schurman, John Wanamaker, F. Wellington Ruckstuhl, Darius Ogden Mills, Madame Lillian Nordica, William Dean Howells, John D. Rockefeller, Julia Ward Howe, Thomas A. Edison, General Lew Wallace, Andrew Carnegie, Hereshoff the Yacht Builder, Amelia E. Barr, Theodore Thomas, John Burroughs, Herbert H. Vreeland, James Whitcomb Riley

Link - Read online (Mises.org)

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The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin - By Benjamin Franklin
"Benjamin Franklin (January 17, 1706 [O.S. January 6, 1705][Note 1][Note 2] – April 17, 1790) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A noted polymath, Franklin was a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, postmaster, scientist, musician, inventor, satirist, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. As a scientist, he was a major figure in the American Enlightenment and the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity. He invented the lightning rod, bifocals, the Franklin stove, a carriage odometer, and the glass 'armonica'.[1] He facilitated many civic organizations, including a fire department and a university.

Franklin earned the title of "The First American" for his early and indefatigable campaigning for colonial unity; as an author and spokesman in London for several colonies, then as the first United States Ambassador to France, he exemplified the emerging American nation.[2] Franklin was foundational in defining the American ethos as a marriage of the practical values of thrift, hard work, education, community spirit, self-governing institutions, and opposition to authoritarianism both political and religious, with the scientific and tolerant values of the Enlightenment." (Wikipedia)

Link - Read online (Archive.org)

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Highways of Progress - By James J. Hill (1910)
Note: See also video section for James J. Hill.
"Most business historians have assumed that the transcontinental railroads would never have been built without government subsidies. The free market would have failed to provide the adequate capital, or so the theory asserts. The evidence for this theory is that the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads, which were completed in the years after the War Between the States, received per-mile subsidies from the federal government in the form of low-interest loans as well as massive land grants. But there need not be cause and effect here: the subsidies were not needed to cause the transcontinental railroads to be built. We know this because, just as many roads and canals were privately financed in the early nineteenth century, a market entrepreneur built his own transcontinental railroad. James J. Hill built the Great Northern Railroad "without any government aid, even the right of way, through hundreds of miles of public lands, being paid for in cash..." (Mises.org: The Truth About the "Robber Barons")

Link - Read online (Archive.org)

James J Hill & the Opening of the Northwest - By Albro Martin (1991)(Amazon.com)

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My Life and Work - By Henry Ford (1922)
"It is not an exaggeration to say that Henry Ford changed the face of capitalism and reinvented industry with the development of the Model T automobile. Alas, much ruckus has been made over the Model T, however, mainstream history has put all of its focus on the Model T itself, along with the creation of the assembly line, and it forgets that what is behind the Model T are some of the most brilliant and useful innovations in the history of industrial mankind ... All over the world, when industrialists needed to learn how to innovate, design, build, and maintain their plants, where did they come? To Detroit, of course, to tour Ford’s factories and to get inspiration, conversation, and ideas from the man himself." (Mises.org: The Forgotten Brilliance of Henry Ford)

Link 1 - Read online (Archive.org)
Link 2 - Read online (Archive.org)
Link 3 - Read online (Archive.org)

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Mover Of Men & Mountains - By R. G. LeTourneau
"Robert Gilmour LeTourneau (November 30, 1888–June 1, 1969), born in Richford, Vermont, was a prolific inventor of earthmoving machinery. His machines represented nearly 70 percent of the earthmoving equipment and Engineering vehicles used during World War II, and he was responsible for nearly 300 patents. With the help of his wife, the late Evelyn Peterson (1900-1987), he founded what became a private, Christian university, LeTourneau University, in Longview, Texas, and was known as a devoted Christian and generous philanthropist to Christian causes, including to a camp and conference grounds that carry his name, "LeTourneau Christian Center."[1] He was sometimes called, "God's businessman." (Wikipedia)

Link - Amazon.com

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Gifted Hands: The Ben Carson Story - By Dr. Benjamin Carson
"In 1987, Dr. Benjamin Carson gained worldwide recognition for his part in the first successful separation of Siamese twins joined at the back of the head. Carson pioneered again in a rare procedure known as a hemispherectomy, giving children without hope a second chance at life through a daring operation in which he literally removes one half of their brain. Such breakthroughs aren't unusual for Ben Carson. He's been beating the odds since he was a child. Raised in inner-city Detroit by a mother with a third grade education, Ben lacked motivation. He had terrible grades. And a pathological temper threatened to put him in jail. But Sonya Carson convinced her son he could make something of his life, even though everything around him said otherwise. Trust in God, a relentless belief in his own capabilities, and sheer determination catapulted Ben from failing grades to the directorship of pediatric neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland. Gifted Hands takes you into the operating room to witness surgeries that made headlines around the world---and into the private mind of a compassionate, God-fearing physician who lives to help others."

Link - Amazon.com

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My Inventions: The Autobiography of Nikola Tesla By Nikola Tesla
Note: See also video section for Nikola Tesla.
“Nikola Tesla was born in Croatia (then part of Austria-Hungary) on July 9, 1856, and died January 7, 1943. He was an electrical engineer who invented the AC (alternating current) induction motor, which made the universal transmission and distribution of electricity possible. Tesla began his studies in physics and mathematics at Graz Polytechnic, and then took philosophy at the University of Prague. He worked as an electrical engineer in Budapest, Hungary, and subsequently in France and Germany. In 1888 his discovery that a magnetic field could be made to rotate if two coils at right angles are supplied with AC current 90Á cut of phase made possible the invention of the AC induction motor. The major advantage of this motor being its brush less operation, which many at the time believed impossible.

Tesla moved to the United States in 1884, where he worked for Thomas Edison who quickly became a rival, Edison being and advocate of the inferior DC power transmission system. During this time, Tesla was commissioned with the design of the AC generators at Niagara Falls. George Westinghouse purchased the patents to his induction motor and made it the basis of the Westinghouse power system which still underlies the modern electrical power industry today. He also did notable research on high-voltage electricity and wireless communication; at one point creating and earthquake which shook the ground for several miles around his New York laboratory. He also devised a system which anticipated worldwide wireless communications, fax machines, radio-guided missiles and aircraft.

Nikola Tesla is the true unsung prophet of the electronic age; without whom our radio, auto ignition, telephone, alternating current power generation and transmission, radio and television would all have been impossible. Yet his life and times have vanished largely from public access. This autobiography is released to remedy this situation.”

Link 1 - Read online
Link 2 - "Tesla's autobiography, originally printed as a series of six magazine articles in The Electrical Experimenter magazine. Complete with all original plus 6 additional illustrations." (Amazon.com)

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The Autobiography of Andrew Carnegie - By Andrew Carnegie (1920)
Link 1 - Read online (Archive.org)
Link 2 - Read online (Archive.org)

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OTHER BOOKS (Temporary workspace)

Character - By Samuel Smiles
Link 1 - Read online (1889)(Archive.org)
Link 2 - Read online (Alternate link)(1907)(Archive.org)

Men of Invention and Industry - By Samuel Smiles
Link 1 - Read online (1884)(Archive.org)
Link 2 - Read online (1884)(Alternate link)(Archive.org)

Lives of the engineers: An account of their principal works: A history of inland communication in Britain- By Samuel Smiles

Lives of the engineers: An account of their principal works: A history of inland communication in Britain (George and Robert Stephenson)(Volume 4) - (MP3 audio: 2010)(Archive.org)

Volume 1 - Read online (1861)(Archive.org)

Volume 2 - Read online (1861)(Archive.org)

Volume 3 - Read online (1862)(Archive.org)

Volume 4: The Locomotive: George and Robert Stephenson - Read online (New edition 1904)(Archive.org)

Volume 5: Lives of Boulton & Watt - Read online (1865)(Archive.org)

New Edition (1874) - Incomplete list of links

Volume 1: Early Engineering: Vermuyden, Myddelton, Perry, James Brindley/a>

Volume 3: History of Roads: Metcalfe, Telford

Volume 5: The Locomotive; George and Robert Stephenson

Civil Engineer: The Life of Thomas Telford - "...enlarged edition of 'Life of Telford,' originally published in 'Lives of Engineers'..."

Industrial biography: Iron-workers and Tool-makers - By Samuel Smiles
Link - Read online (1864)(Archive.org)

Men of Invention and Industry - By Samuel Smiles
Men of Invention and Industry - Read online (1884)(Archive.org)
Link - Read online (1885)(Archive.org)

The Life of George Stephenson: Railway Engineer - By Samuel Smiles
Link - Read online (1858)(Archive.org)

George Moore: merchant and philanthropist - By Samuel Smiles
Link - Read online (1978)(Archive.org)

James Nasmyth: engineer, an autobiography - By James Nasmyth, Samuel Smiles
Link - Read online (1883)(Archive.org)

Josiah Wedgwood, F.R.S.: His personal history - By Samuel Smiles
Link - Read online (1894)(Archive.org)

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LEARNING & MENTAL DEVELOPMENT

The Improvement of the Mind: A Discourse on the Education of Children and Youth - By Isaac Watts
Note: This book was mentioned by Henry Hazlitt, in his book, "Thinking as a Science."

Table of Contents - Incomplete list of chapter links
Link - Read online (Google Books)(1825)
Link - Read online (1768)(Archive.org)

Of Studies - Essay by Sir Francis Bacon (1625)
Note: This essay was mentioned by Henry Hazlitt, in his tutorial, "Thinking as a Science."
Link - (Authorama.com)

Thinking as a Science - By Henry Hazlitt
"It's incredible that this 1916 tutorial on how to think, by none other than Henry Hazlitt, would still hold up after all these years. But here's why. Hazlitt was largely self-educated. He read voraciously. He trained himself to be a great intellect. In the middle of this process, he discovered that it is far more important to learn to think clearly than to merely take in information." (Mises.org)

Link 1 - Read online (1969)(Archive.org)
Link 2 - (MP3 audio: 2012)(Archive.org)

How To Solve It: A New Aspect of Mathematical Method - By George Polya (1945)
"In this best-selling classic, George Pólya revealed how the mathematical method of demonstrating a proof or finding an unknown can be of help in attacking any problem that can be "reasoned" out--from building a bridge to winning a game of anagrams. Generations of readers have relished Pólya's deft instructions on stripping away irrelevancies and going straight to the heart of a problem. How to Solve It popularized heuristics, the art and science of discovery and invention. It has been in print continuously since 1945 and has been translated into twenty-three different languages." (Princeton University Press)

George Pólya & How to solve It - Short bio and description of Polya's Four Principles
Link 1 - Read online (Scribd)
Link 2 - (Amazon.com)

Memory: How to develop, train and use it - By William Walker Atkinson (1919)
The purpose of this book is to teach the "natural methods of memory cultivation' and to show how "artificial memory systems" may damage natural memory. "Natural associations educate, while artificial ones tend to weaken the powers of the mind, if carried to any great length."
Note: Feel free to focus on the practical aspects and ignore the "new age" philosophy that is sometimes slipped in.
Link 1 - Read online (1919)(Archive.org)
Link 2 - Read online (1912)(Archive.org)

Elementary Lessons In Logic: Deductive and Inductive - By William Stanley Jevons (1870)
"Henry Hazlitt strongly recommended this book for all students of the social sciences. It had a formative influence on his life. In fact, it is the book that taught him how to think.

And not only Hazlitt. William Stanley Jevons's book was the seminal contribution that educated many generations of English and American scholars that crucial discipline of logic. It teaches the rules for thinking. Now, this was a subject that every student once had to take, and not in college but quite early in life, and certainly by high school." (Mises.org)

Link - Read online (1918)(Archive.org)

Studies in Deductive Logic: A manual for students - By William Stanley Jevons (1880)
Link 1 - Read online (1884)(Archive.org)
Link 2 - Read online (1896)(Archive.org)

The Art of Thinking - By Thomas Sharper Knowlson (1921)
Note: This book was mentioned by Henry Hazlitt, in his book, "Thinking as a Science."

Link 1 - Read online (1921)(Archive.org)
Link 2 - Read online (1904)(Archive.org) I've added this second link because there were a few pages of the appendix that were missing in the first link.

Conduct of the Understanding - By John Locke (1706?)
Link - Read online (1882)(Archive.org)

The Art of Study - Essay by Alexander Bain
Note I: This is chapter VII of "Practical Essays."
Note II: This essay was mentioned by Henry Hazlitt, in his book, "Thinking as a Science."

Link - Read online (1884)(Archive.org)
Link 2 - Read online (1884)(Archive.org)(HTML doc. is good)

How to Lie with Statistics - By Darrell Huff
"The book is a brief, breezy, illustrated volume outlining common errors, both intentional and unintentional, associated with the interpretation of statistics, and how these errors can lead to inaccurate conclusions. In the 1960s and '70s it became a standard textbook introduction to the subject of statistics for many college students. It has become one of the best-selling statistics books in history, with over one and a half million copies sold in the English-language edition, even though the monetary examples have become dated because of inflation.[1] It has also been widely translated." (Wikipedia)
Link - Read online (1973)(1'st edition was in 1954)(Archive.org)

The Ultimate History Lesson: A Weekend with John Taylor Gatto
Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5






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only 12 videos about the panda menace? What about

'Mitt'?

Pandas: The Silent Killer?
next 'Nightline'

I'm not sure

what you are referring to when you say 'panda menace' or 'Mitt'? Is this humor?

It's my way of saying

'Bump'.

Pandas: The Silent Killer?
next 'Nightline'

Ok thanks~

I just woke up so I haven't fully wiped the sleep from my eyes. I take everything a bit literally this time of the day. :-)

George Racey Jordan

Repeat: George Racey Jordan.

As important as anything else on this and maybe more so with all respect.

Pandas: The Silent Killer?
next 'Nightline'

far

Out.

Pandas: The Silent Killer?
next 'Nightline'

thank U 4 this :)

BUMP #2

"You only live free if your willing to die free."

Bump

.

Re documentaries and biographies,

thanks for this great list.

In case you're wondering how I've come upon your posts today... recently I was ecstatic to read that Mexico had banned GMO corn, surprised at what looked like a "negative" comment on that thread by js290, saying that maybe corn wasn't such a great staple anyway. He'd embedded a 2+ hour-long video on Restorative Agriculture. I'm familiar with biodynamics, which (also) not only doesn't put anything toxic into the soil but restores it, so I decided to check it out. I found it fascinating and have now watched or read some other things recommended by js. Then today, I was just curious and put "permaculture" into the DP "word cloud" - which turned up the video "Farming With Nature." I was sorry it didn't really get noticed. Well, one more person in the world will have seen it by tonight. :) Anyway, I was curious what some of your other posts might have been. That turned up the statistics book I'm familiar with; not too long ago I mentioned it in a comment saying I thought it should be high-school required reading. And this post has a lot of interesting resources. So thanks again, stillwater.

When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe.
~ John Muir

The "Farming With Nature"

post was a very old post. I rolled the content over to my much larger Global Gardener Video Library post. This post started out as a permaculture post and there are a ton of videos about permaculture on it, though I list other gardening examples as well. The title is after Bill Mollison's original video series on permaculture. I periodically have to update some of the links as they keep getting taken down by youtube. Enjoy~

http://www.dailypaul.com/72517/global-gardener-video-library

The current post we are on now is sort of a mixture of things. The main aim was to give historical examples to help spark creativity and innovation and to help shed light on the lives of different people to show how things developed. My focus ended up being split in many directions so it's kind of a catch all for things I like to look up periodically. I may revisit it at a later date and try to organize it better.

Thank you

I had once caught the last 15 minutes of Amazing Grace and had really wanted to see the entire movie. Forgot all about it until this was linked in another post.
GREAT movie!! So happy you included it.

If Tyranny and Oppression come to this land, it will be in the guise of fighting a foreign enemy.
James Madison

Added: Free to Choose (Featuring Milton Friedman)

Under Movies & Television category:

Free to Choose - (1980)
"Free to Choose (1980) is a book and a ten-part television series broadcast on public television by economists Milton and Rose D. Friedman that advocates free market principles.

Free to Choose: A Personal Statement maintains that the free market works best for all members of a society, provides examples of how the free market engenders prosperity, and maintains that it can solve problems where other approaches have failed. Published in January 1980, the 297 page book contains 10 chapters. The book was on the United States best sellers list for 5 weeks.

PBS telecast the series, beginning in January 1980. The general format was that of Dr. Friedman visiting and narrating a number of success and failure stories in history, which Dr. Friedman attributes to capitalism or the lack thereof (e.g. Hong Kong is commended for its free markets, while India is excoriated for relying on centralized planning especially for its protection of its traditional textile industry). Following the primary show, Dr. Friedman would engage in discussion with a number of selected debaters drawn from trade unions, academy and the business community..." (Wikipedia)

Part 1 - “The Power of the Market”
Part 2 - "The Tyranny of Control"
Part 3 - "Anatomy of Crisis"
Part 4 - "From Cradle to Grave"
Part 5 - "Created Equal"
Part 6 - "What’s Wrong With Our Schools"
Part 7 - "Who Protects the Consumer"
Part 8 - "Who Protects the Worker"
Part 9 - "How to Cure Inflation"
Part 10 - "How to Stay Free"

New Category: Movies & Television

I've also add two New Sections under the Movies & Television Category:

- Longitude (John Harrison, carpenter, clockmaker, inventor of the marine chronometer)
- James J. Hill: Empire Builder (James J. Hill - Railroads)

(So far, I have only been able to fine 21 YouTube videos for the "Longitued" TV series. If I can find an online version in four parts -- or at least less broken up -- I'll add it.)

Longitude - (2000)
"Gracefully adapted from Dava Sobel's extraordinary bestseller, the four-part TV production of Longitude combines drama, history, and science into a stimulating, painstakingly authentic account of personal triumph and joyous discovery. Equally impressive is the way writer-director Charles Sturridge has crafted parallel stories that complement each other with enriching perspective. The first story involves the successful 40-year effort of 18th-century clockmaker John Harrison (Michael Gambon) to solve the elusive problem of measuring longitude at sea. In 1714 the British Parliament had offered a generous reward to anyone who solved the problem, and Harrison devoted his life to that solution. The second story, some 200 years later, involves the effort of shell-shocked British Navy veteran Rupert Gould (Jeremy Irons) to restore the glorious clocks that Harrison had built. Like Harrison, Gould is the most admirable type of obsessive, but, also like Harrison, he risks his marriage to accomplish his difficult task.

Thousands of sailors perished at sea before Harrison's triumph changed history, but Longitude demonstrates that Harrison's glory was slow to arrive--and his prize money even slower. A fascinating study of 18th-century British politics and clashing egos in the arena of science, the film is both epic and intimate in consequence, and Sturridge's magnificent script inspires Gambon and Irons to do some of the best work of their outstanding careers. The ever-reliable Ian Hart appears in Part 3 as Harrison's now-adult son and apprentice, and Longitude approaches its dramatic climax with the exhilarating tension of a first-rate thriller. Rallying after sickness to prove the integrity of their marvelous seafaring chronometers, the Harrisons still had to fight for official recognition, and Gould's restoration of the Harrison clockworks provides a fitting coda to this exceptional story about the thrill of discovery and the tenacity of remarkable men." ~ Jeff Shannon (Amazon.com Editorial Review)

Trailer

Full Movie (YouTube):
Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5
Part 6
Part 7
Part 8
Part 9
Part 10
Part 11
Part 12
Part 13
Part 14
Part 15
Part 16
Part 17
Part 18
Part 19
Part 20
Part 21

- - -
I've also added a new section for a short documentary on James J. Hill.

James J. Hill: Empire Builder - (2005)
Note: See also book section for James J. Hill.
"A brief history of the life and times of James J. Hill co-produced with the Minnesota Historical Society." (2005)(Twin Cities Public Television)

Full Movie

I've cleaned up the post

a bit since it was first created. A lot of additional books have been added as well. More to come in the future...