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The American Revolution: Battle at Lexington and Concord

On the night of April 18, 1775, 700 British soldiers marched through the night and into the morning of the 19th, on their way to confiscate and destroy American guns and military supplies in Concord, Massachusetts.

The Patriots were prepared.


The Colonists had known of the planned confiscation for weeks in advance, and were alerted by Paul Revere that the hour was nigh. Having waited through the night at the Buckman Tavern, just across from the Lexington Green, the soldiers were prepared when the British arrived at the break of dawn.

Buckman Tavern

The Tavern of colonial times was a central meeting point and information exchange post for the town. The Buckman Tavern served as a central meeting point for the plotting of the resistance. I highly recommend the tour, which at $5 is an incredible bargain.

Buckman Tavern

At dawn came the confrontation and the first shots of the American Revolution on the Lexington Green. The Minute Men were vastly outnumbered. Many were shot, and seven were ultimately killed at this first battle. The British Soldiers proceeded onward to Concord, continuing with their mission to confiscate the colonists weapons.

The battle at the Old North Bridge in Concord is where the tide turned in favor of the Colonists.

Old North Bridge, Concord

The British were met by over 500 scrappy colonists, who fought and devastated the Redcoats, who in confusion and fear, quickly fell back in retreat to Boston.

Battle at Lexington

As they retreated, more American militia poured in from the countryside, inflicting heavy damage and casualties as they chased the British back to Boston down the Battle Road - today known as Massachusetts Avenue. It was a complete and utter rout. The British retreated to Charlestown, as the American militias blockaded the access points, starting the Siege of Boston.

- - - - -

Back at the Battle Green is this memorial to America's first fallen soldiers:

Minute Man Memorial

The caption reads:


May we all be so brave, and have the courage of our forefathers when history calls for us.

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Rifled muskets below

For those who might not otherwise scroll down in this thread, e.g., Jefferson who asked a question, there is some information on rifled musketry in the colonies posted below that might be of interest.

Thank you so much for doing this.

These are fantastic history lessons - I think it is no accident you live there, Michael. Please keep them coming. They are very edifying.

Americans Shall Rise Again

Americans shall rise again against the tyranny we now face. Enough Americans now recognize where the threats to our liberty and freedoms stem from.

It would appear that a civil war is in the making. The news media is promoting such a massive divide, that tempers flare. Violence may well ensue. Let it not happen as they direct. The powers that be want to stir countryman against countryman, let every patriot target the powers that be who are behind it.

Keep in mind that there are only a few thousand "elites" who manage the workings of the world. A good 2000 of them gather annually at the bohemian grove to worship their idol, abandon all care, plan their deceptions, and plot against the people of this nation and the world. The proverbial "head of the snake".

I want to tour Boston

with Nystrom as the tour guide.

Love or fear? Choose again with every breath.

Michael Nystrom's picture

That would be a lot of fun


My wife and I back in 86 had a bed and breakfast for a week stay on Strawberry Hill Road just north of Concord Mass.

We had a great time visiting this site you've brought to our attention.

Thanks for the memories.

The night is far spent, the day is at hand.
And those who have not heard shall understand.

Postcards to the White House

I wonder how well it would be received by Obama & Co. if all of us pro-gun types started sending postcards from Lexington & Concord to the White House. Seems it is about time that our leaders be reminded of what a pissed off populace is capable of doing.


That is an amazing idea!

We should get started on this, but it would need to be more than one to ensure everybody didn't get a visit from the SS...also know as the Secret Service.

"Liberty's too precious a thing to be buried in books...Men should hold it up in front of them every single day of their lives and say: 'I'm free to think and to speak. My ancestors couldn't. I can. And my children will."

-Jimmy Stewart

enjoying these

Looking forward to the next one. BTW, if people like learning about the Revolutionary War, I really enjoyed this audio course from the Teaching Company. It's nice, cause you can listen to it in your car when you sit in traffic:

"All our words are but crumbs that fall down from the feast of the mind." - Khalil Gibran
"The Perfect Man has no self; the Holy Man has no merit; the Sage has no fame." - Chuang Tzu

The very moment the British rounds stuck those Patriots...

They instantly became the first true 'Americans.'

May God give us such courage in the task we face ahead and while I hope that we might peacefully stem the tide yet...if it comes to it I stand willing to fall and enter the ranks of those willing to die for what makes a life worth living.

"Liberty's too precious a thing to be buried in books...Men should hold it up in front of them every single day of their lives and say: 'I'm free to think and to speak. My ancestors couldn't. I can. And my children will."

-Jimmy Stewart

Great Post and Information... in the same vein...

Here is a great site that compiles a bunch of historic documents so we can read exactly what was going on and what people were thinking at that time:

American History: from Revolution to Reconstruction and beyond...

It has everything from personal letters to treaties and founding documents... 1600 - 20th century. I love getting into the minds of our founding fathers, even their personal letters were packed with wisdom and foresight. To see the personal letters, go to presidents, make a choice (e.g. Thomas Jefferson), then letters... :

Site is crazy good.

The cloud in the top photo

The cloud in the top photo looks like gun smoke.

Michael Nystrom's picture

Ha - you're right

I never noticed that.

Beautiful pics and

Beautiful pics and stories.
Today it would be much harder. We would have to build anti-drone planes and have taverns full of hackers and computers to win against a government gun-grab. But, we could slow it down, I suppose..

Oh, what I would give

Oh, What I would give to see Piers Morgan'a facial expressions as this story is told to him.
I'm sure he will be "bitting his lip" and calling those "Patriots" cowards for not bowing to the King's commands.

Goose bumps -- Thank you Michael

Big bump.
Shared on Twitter.

LL on Twitter:
sometimes LL can suck & sometimes LL rocks!
Love won! Deliverance from Tyranny is on the way! Col. 2:13-15

ecorob's picture

Me, too!

Our glorious history is rife with these stories of bravery and courage.

I pray that God gives me the strength to honor their memory when the time comes to stand and deliver!

its 'cos I owe ya, my young friend...
Rockin' the FREE world in Tennessee since 1957!
9/11 Truth.

Angel in the Whirlwind

Awesome. There is a great account of the fight at Lexington and Concord in the book Angel in the Whirlwind. The fighting is described in a way that really helps picture it.

Boer war 1 & 2

YEah in South Africa my forefathers on my Mom's side also fought the British, Boer is a dutch word for Farmer, they were farmers fed up and took on the British empire, it got down to 25000 men vs 500000 and although we lost, we got a conditional surrender. Haha, my Dad's side is English, but I'm biased to the Boers (farmers) lol

The time could be near when

The time could be near when it will be our time to shape history. Let's hope for the best but prepare for the worst.

ecorob's picture

As the saying goes,...

"We've got to die of something." This will be a glorious cause!

its 'cos I owe ya, my young friend...
Rockin' the FREE world in Tennessee since 1957!
9/11 Truth.

The British wanted to steal guns, powder and supplies.

They were Fighting to protect their persons, property and provide for the common defense against a roving gang of Redcoated thugs taking orders from England.

Free includes debt-free!

ecorob's picture

it reminds me of...

our CONgress!

its 'cos I owe ya, my young friend...
Rockin' the FREE world in Tennessee since 1957!
9/11 Truth.

Its cool I actually got a few

Its cool I actually got a few of these pics from my vacation. you forgot a picture of Prince Estabrook's plaque.

Every generation needs a new revolution.
- Thomas Jefferson

Important question

What was it that caused 5 companies of trained soldiers to turn tail and run from a bunch of farmers and shopkeepers at the Old North Bridge?

Answer: Well aimed and concentrated musket fire---the skill of marksmanship. This is where the heritage of the American rifleman began.

This nation was started by riflemen.

It is the responsibility of every American to pass along the tradition that started on that day---before it dies. Want to get started?

One way is to attend an Appleseed marksmanship clinic.

America is an idea. That idea only arose once in all of history. If it is lost here, it may never arise again. Think about it. We're not talking about the United States. There is a lot more at stake here than preserving the United States.

important answer

Specifically, a "well-regulated militia."

Or "practiced", "skilled", "trained", "co-ordinated", or "made regular".

Bonus points for important questions!

dynamite anthrax supreme court white house tea party jihad
to be continued

Jefferson's picture


didn't I also hear from the founder of appleseed (who is a fantastic story teller BTW) that the militia had superior rifles with longer range, and that played a part in their victory?
Supposedly the thinking behind part of the 2nd amendment was for individuals to have the most capable and well made rifles of the time, to always have an advantage.


As far as we know, there were no rifled muskets on the field on April 19, 1775. But there were Pennsylvania-made rifled muskets in the colonies, and they were possessed and mastered by back country marksmen mostly in Virginia and Pennsylvania. Read about Daniel Morgan's rifle company. These men, with their rifled muskets, could make shots of remarkable accuracy---possibly even by today's standards---and there were so many such men enthusiastic to make the march to participate in the siege of Boston that a test of marksmanship skill was devised to limit their numbers and keep some potential soldiers at home in the Southern colonies.

So, no, I don't think rifles played a role in the victory of April 19, 1775, though marksmanship certainly did. Later in the war, the colonist's skill with these superior rifled muskets held the British regulars (and later Hessians) in awe and fear. Several pivotal moments were turned to the advantage of the colonists by concentrated and accurate rifled musket fire. Perhaps the most notable instance was that of Timothy Murphy who mortally wounded General Simon Fraser in the battle of Saratoga (second battle). Murphy climbed a tree and fired a single shot at Fraser who was mounted on a horse. The shot is reported to have been made at various distances between 200 and 300 yards. In any case, it was an amazing shot for the time, and when Fraser's second in command attempted to rally his troops, Fraser repeated the feat and killed him too. There are other similar instances.

Nevertheless it's not the equipment in the hands. It's the skill in them and the equipment between the ears. We have far superior equipment today, but the others are sorely lacking.

Definitely, if you can get to see Jack Daily (aka Fred of Fred's M14 stocks and the founder of the Appleseed Project) and hear him tell the stories, do so by all means. More importantly, study and tell the stories yourself. To remember is to honor.

Jefferson's picture


realize that JD was "Fred" of Fred's M14 stocks. I was just looking at their site the other day trying to find something for a relative.

Thanks for the clarification and the story.. to remember is to honor..


Thank you for these wonderful posts. I love history, especially the time period of the American Revolution. :)

“It is not our part to master all the tides of the world, but to do what is in us for the succour of those years wherein we are set, uprooting the evil in the fields that we know, so that those who live after may have clean earth to till." -J.R.R. Tolkien

I've really been enjoying these posts...

Great pictures, btw!

Who Shot First?

There is a big debate over who shot 1st. I have read many accounts from participants and witnesses and they all contradict one another.

It seems during the showdown neither the British nor the minutemen shot first. Some instigators shot from the meeting house, causing both sides to begin shooting.

A similar event occured much earlier during the Boston Massacre when instigators snuck behind the English and shouted false orders to shoot (as exposed in court by John Adams).

Did the thieves shoot first or the defenders?

Does it make any difference? Were the British likely to abandon their confiscation orders?

Why do the narratives fail to talk much of the property stolen, privacy invaded or gatherings dispersed? Is it just me or...

What would convince me to grab a gun. What where they thinking as they did? The little lady and the children. Maybe grandma and pa at the neighboring farm...Last summer crops laid up for the winter.

Free includes debt-free!

How incredibly ironic

you would ask this question. I just got home with my granddaughter who I pulled out of the public school system two years ago to home school. She just went to take some practice GED tests to see how she would do.

I was reading through some practice GED tests while waiting and came to one of the questions the history or Civic test. Not sure which one it was.
Low and behold there was a short paragraph to read about the colonists being pissed at king George over taxation. It went on to say that the UNRULY Colonists began to throw rocks and sticks at the British Soldiers who finally were forced to shoot to defend themselves. That was supposedly the shot heard around the world and the beginning of the Revolution. What amazed me was the blatant bias in favor of the British soldiers.

Jefferson's picture

I'm not

a scholar, but I think what you and freighttrainblues are referring to are two different events.
John Adams supposedly was the defense lawyer for the soldiers you are referring to, and I think you're right in that the event was part of the beginning of escalating tensions.

different event

It sounds like the GED was talking about the Boston Massacre in which kids started throwing stuff at soldiers and the soldiers killed 5 men. John Adams defended one of the soldiers in the consequent trial. That was in March 1770.

The battles above were on April 19, 1775. Go to an Appleseed marksmanship clinic, and you can learn all about it.

"The Colonists had known of the planned confiscation for weeks"

My, my, my what a timely post!

I'm off to a gun show next weekend.

I've never been to one before.

And probably never would have gone.

But when I buy a gun there, WHO will have been responsible???


Irony of ironies!

"We have allowed our nation to be over-taxed, over-regulated, and overrun by bureaucrats. The founders would be ashamed of us for what we are putting up with."
-Ron Paul

Colin Powell's thoughts on

Colin Powell's thoughts on the Minute Men confronting the greatest and best trained army in the world.

"Give me training, give me a weapon and I can perform as well as you can. No power on earth can hold me down forever."

"With enough of us, around the world, we’ll not just send a strong message opposing the privatization of knowledge — we’ll make it a thing of the past." ~ Aaron Swartz

March togethere on that day in the town - armed.

If it possible, locals you should gather and manifest, the best all armed if possible.

Thank you so much Michael

God must have a hand in the timing of your posts. Thank you for sharing your Postcards from the Revolution. Lest we forget.

Let It Be Known

That I will be ready and I know with whom I will be standing.

Short video clips??

Does anybody recommend any short, 2 - 10 minute video clips (about this battle or something relevant to the Bill of Rights/ Decl of Independence, etc.) that can be played as I teach an all-day Merit Badge for Boy Scouts this Sat?

Thanks for your suggestions!

I've got a day and a half to download your recommendations.

"It is well enough that people of the nation do not understand our banking and monetary system, for if they did, I believe there would be a rEVOLution before tomorrow morning." - Henry Ford

America the Story of Us by the History Channel

This is a modern reenactment from the history channel. It will get the job done.

Though it does not take place in a town green it is in the woods. And as it says, "No one know who shot first," it shows a red coat shoot first and drop a minutemen with fancy special effects.

Thank you

Thank you for posting this Michael, I was a bit down today and this lifted my spirits. There is nothing as inspirational as what the founding fathers went through for the love of liberty.

Michael Nystrom's picture


I'm sorry you were feeling down, but happy that this picked you up.

But you never, ever have to feel down. No matter what, everything is as it should be; Everything develops in its own time. The founding fathers had their role and served their purpose, as are you and I.

The founding fathers didn't know where things would lead. They didn't even expect to fire any shots at Lexington. But once it began, things moved quickly.

At any rate, thank you for your contributions to the site, and above all, to the Cause of Liberty.

There are things, friend, that only you can do, people that only you can reach. Figure out what those things are, and how you can reach those people, and your mission is set.

Best wishes.

Thank you

Thank you for the kind and uplifting words. I get down from time to time, I suffer from manic depression, but I've become better over the years. I normally don't let it show like that, but your post got to me more than most, it was great. Thanks again.

The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the

"I do not know whether it is to yourself or Mr. Adams I am to give my thanks for the copy of the new constitution. I beg leave through you to place them where due. It will be yet three weeks before I shall receive them from America. There are very good articles in it: and very bad. I do not know which preponderate. What we have lately read in the history of Holland, in the chapter on the Stadtholder, would have sufficed to set me against a Chief magistrate eligible for a long duration, if I had ever been disposed towards one: and what we have always read of the elections of Polish kings should have forever excluded the idea of one continuable for life. Wonderful is the effect of impudent and persevering lying. The British ministry have so long hired their gazetteers to repeat and model into every form lies about our being in anarchy, that the world has at length believed them, the English nation has believed them, the ministers themselves have come to believe them, and what is more wonderful, we have believed them ourselves. Yet where does this anarchy exist? Where did it ever exist, except in the single instance of Massachusets? And can history produce an instance of a rebellion so honourably conducted? I say nothing of it's motives. They were founded in ignorance, not wickedness. God forbid we should ever be 20. years without such a rebellion. The people can not be all, and always, well informed. The part which is wrong will be discontented in proportion to the importance of the facts they misconceive. If they remain quiet under such misconceptions it is a lethargy, the forerunner of death to the public liberty. We have had 13. states independant 11. years. There has been one rebellion. That comes to one rebellion in a century and a half for each state. What country ever existed a century and a half without a rebellion? And what country can preserve it's liberties if their rulers are not warned from time to time that their people preserve the spirit of resistance? Let them take arms. The remedy is to set them right as to facts, pardon and pacify them. What signify a few lives lost in a century or two? The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants. It is it's natural manure. Our Convention has been too much impressed by the insurrection of Massachusets: and in the spur of the moment they are setting up a kite to keep the hen yard in order. I hope in god this article will be rectified before the new constitution is accepted." - Thomas Jefferson to William Stephens Smith, Paris, 13 Nov. 1787


BIG BUMP!...and we will be prepared again!

Love the pics Mich~ael!



This Gave me

Chills. Thanks Michael for these timely reminders.

"Its easier to fool people than to convince them that they have been fooled."
Mark Twain