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NATO brands civilian 'hacktivists' as terrorists and 'legitimate' targets for elimination

Shaun Waterman
The Washington Times
Wed, 20 Mar 2013 16:33 CDT

Politically motivated civilian hackers, or "hacktivists," who conduct online attacks as part of a nation's cyberwar efforts could lawfully be targeted with deadly force, according to a new study commissioned by NATO's cyberwarfare center.

"An act of direct participation in hostilities by civilians renders them liable to be attacked, by cyber or other legal means," reads the study, "The Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare."

An international group of experts in the laws of warfare wrote the manual, at the invitation of NATO's Cooperative Cyber Defense Center of Excellence in Tallinn, Estonia. It is not a statement of official policy by NATO or any of its member governments, but it reflects a consensus view of a large group of legal scholars and practitioners, including several senior military lawyers from NATO countries.

read more http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2013/mar/20/civilian-hac...

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