How a Voluntary society could formSubmitted by Brad.king92 on Tue, 04/02/2013 - 20:18
Although, I do believe that an anarcho-capitalist society would function perfectly and create the most prosperous society, I don' like to be labeled as an anarchist or anarcho-capitalist. I'd prefer the term Voluntarist. The reason is because "anarchy" is simply the result of applying the principles of Voluntarism. If we believe that all human interactions should be voluntary, then it logically follows that that taxation (whether it be direct taxation or excise taxes) is illegitimate as it is identical to theft and therefore coercion. So the inevitable result of Voluntarism would be statelessness. So Voluntarism is a much more accurate description as it is the underlining principle that leads to anarchy.
But this got me thinking the other day, "what if there is a way to have voluntary government that does not violate the non-aggression principle?"
In order for this to happen, a government must not be able to pass laws that initiate force against people acting peacefully (victim less crimes), it must not be able to force anyone to do ANYTHING unless they have first aggressed against someone else, and there must be absolutely no taxation. At least, no forced taxation.
But the genius of this type of government is that it is not truly a government. The only thing that separates the State from a private business is that the government steals money from people to generate its revenue while a business offers products to people who are willing to buy it while competing with other companies, thus giving the company incentive to provide quality service to its customers or else it will go out of business. The government has no competition. So they cannot go out of business no matter how much they dissatisfy their customers, they will not go out of business. The type of government described above will retain the structure of government (House, Senate, Military, etc.) but it would provided funds voluntarily by the people it is supposed to govern.
I am not naive enough that we can create this voluntary government within the U.S. the only way it can happen is if we start from scratch just as we did in the American revolution. It could possibly happen through the free-state project. Enough Libertarians could move to New Hampshire and create a secession movement. there are many other ways it could happen but however this is achieved, the Constitution for such a government would be something like this:
1. The preamble would clearly State the philosophy behind the Constitution. Stating that the purpose behind all government is to protect people from aggression. Nothing else.
2. It would be divided into a federalist system just like we are now. And the States would have all powers not given to Congress. However, the Constitution would specifically state that NO State or Congress shall pass any law that violates the non-aggression principle. And specific examples would be cited such as sex laws, drug laws, taxation, prostitution, etc. In other words it would be states so clearly that there would be not way for any one to misinterpret it.
3. Congress will be required to meet at least once a year. But there is also a limit to how many times they may meet in a year. I think ten is a good number. This will be a very good restriction on government power.
4. For all bills passed by Congress, there is a five page limit. Each paragraph must cite the clause in the Constitution that justifies it.
5. Just like the articles of confederation, there will be no standing army or navy. When congress has determined that there is a threat from another country, they will declare war and then have the power to raise an army and navy for that purpose. In the face of a serous threat the people will be motivated to defend their country.
6. Congress is prohibited at all times from borrowing money except after war has been declared.
7. Congress is prohibited from laying any taxes. The people shall voluntarily donate money to their State governments and the States will decide on a certain percentage that they will send to the federal government.
6. Congress will be clearly prohibited from creating coining money or creating currency and will be prohibited from granting this power to a central bank. The constitution will endorse a free-market monetary system.
7. Other States will be admitted into the union but there is a strict limit on the total land area that the country can encompass. There is more accountability with a smaller population.
7. A president will only be elected once war is declared and shall step down once the war is over.
8. The Supreme Court may interpret laws but it is not the sole authority. Each bill will also go through the States for interpretation. Any State that decides that it is unconstitutional shall not be required to enforce that laws.
9. Whoever the drafters of this Constitution may be will write a book accompanying the Constitution. The book will clarify every single thing in the Constitution and this book will be required to cite while interpreting the Constitution by the Supreme Court and by the States.
10. One of the things that have destroyed our Constitution is the amendment process. The excuse of 'keeping up with the times' does not justify most of the amendments in the american constitution. Amendments will be allowed but only after 100 years of the drafting of the Constitution. Certain things will be exempt from amending and each amendment is only allowed if it places further limits on government.
11. Competition to the government shall not be prohibited. Anyone else may choose to turn to different organizations for their defense.
There are many other things that I may be forgetting, but you get the point. It is often argued that limited government doesn't work because it will always grow into big government. But I don't thing that limited government has ever truly existed. Granted, America had the smallest government in history. But it is still by no means limited if the government is given the power to interpret the very document that is supposed to limit it. However, the beauty of the Constitution described above is that the government described is nothing more than a private agency that is disguised as a government. People having the choice whether or not to fund the government will make the government accountable to the people. If the people don't like what their representatives are doing all they have to do is stop funding the government. This at least gives SOME credibility to the 'social contract' since people are willingly contributing to their government.
Another beauty is the competition. For people who argue against defense being provided privately. This system would allow us to find out if private defense can work in private hands since it allows competition to the government. If it does, then people will start to see that we don't need defense to be provided by the State. People will slowly start turning to private security firms for their defense and the State will slowly dissolve.