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Christians: What does it mean to "love your enemy?"


http://youtu.be/ft4eTzhaUAc

I was not brought up as a Christian, so I ask what it means to you.

How should it be practiced toward the Boston Marathon Bombers?

For those of us here who are so deep into hatred and fear and disgust and remorse and depression and anger over our Government, what does this mean? And equally important, how can we put it into practice?

Thank you.



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There is no other way

All things I believe in.

But loving an enemy is more than just instructive. It's actually *loving him*.

Have you tried befriending your enemy for real, as opposed to instructing him?

I mentioned it because you try to say below that saying Ghandi is in hell is judgmental, maybe he died a confessed Christian secretly the last minute and we don't know this.

THAT is not loving the lost. Even as instruction.

So let me rephrase it to meet this "love" of not saying the truth.

If you believe what Ghandi believed, and do not repent of it, you will wind up in hell. Ghandi is one of the leading anti-Christ figures in the world, and while I have seen no one that suggests that he repented of it in the last seconds of his life, I do believe what God says:

No one will be saved but by Jesus Christ. It is God's own Son, who died on the cross for you. If you despise that, you will not be saved. God has made a way for you to be saved in his Son Jesus Christ, but there is no other way.

And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor.

Does anyone believe that Jesus Christ died on the cross

Does anyone believe that Jesus Christ died on the cross because Jesus Christ did not believe that you needed to be saved from hell? That you really are a sinner and need to be saved by grace?

It's the most painful death imaginable. Jesus Christ, God's only begotten Son, knew you were going to hell, and needed to be redeemed.

It was the only way. And is the only way you can be saved.

Luke 22:
39 And [Jesus] came out, and went, as he was wont, to the mount of Olives; and his disciples also followed him. 40 And when he was at the place, he said unto them, Pray that ye enter not into temptation. 41 And he was withdrawn from them about a stone's cast, and kneeled down, and prayed, 42 Saying, Father, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done. 43 And there appeared an angel unto him from heaven, strengthening him. 44 And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground. 4 5And when he rose up from prayer, and was come to his disciples, he found them sleeping for sorrow, 46 And said unto them, Why sleep ye? rise and pray, lest ye enter into temptation.

And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor.

And yet...

Colossians 1:15-20 --

15 He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation.
16 For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things have been created through Him and for Him.
17 He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together.
18 He is also head of the body, the church; and He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, so that He Himself will come to have first place in everything.
19 For it was the Father’s good pleasure for all the fullness to dwell in Him,
20 and through Him to reconcile all things to Himself, having made peace through the blood of His cross; through Him, I say, whether things on earth or things in heaven.

If all things in the entire Creation are to be reconciled through peace, and if God's Love truly never fails and always hopes (I Cor. 13), then it isn't the end of the story for anybody, even though they be lost in the outer darkness. God still loves Ghandi wherever he may now be and will bring reconciliation. He will be all in all, not all in some.

Reconcilation is only through Jesus Christ

"If all things in the entire Creation are to be reconciled through peace, and if God's Love truly never fails and always hopes (I Cor. 13), then it isn't the end of the story for anybody, even though they be lost in the outer darkness. God still loves Ghandi wherever he may now be and will bring reconciliation. He will be all in all, not all in some."

This teaching isn't Biblical. The sum total of it is to reject Jesus Christ when it's been given you to accept him, to continue your wickedness on earth, and than blame God that he doesn't give you another chance, when He already died for you once. He won't die for you again *2.

The reconciliation is only through Jesus Christ, and there is a day appointed for men to die, and than the judgement.

Hebrews 9:27
27 And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment: 28 So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.

Revelation 20
11And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them. 12And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works. 13And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works. 14And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. 15And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.

Are you in the Lambs book of life? Or have you told yourself you can reject God's counsel and negotiate with him after you are dead?

Matthew 7
13 Enter ye in at the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and broad is the way, that leadeth to destruction, and many there be which go in thereat: 14 Because strait is the gate, and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it.

*2
Or think about Hebrew 10 in regards to an afterlife, when it even seems to be talking about this life too.

Hebrews 10:
26For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, 27But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries. 28He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under two or three witnesses: 29Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace? 30For we know him that hath said, Vengeance belongeth unto me, I will recompense, saith the Lord. And again, The Lord shall judge his people. 31It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor.

Read the Col 1...

...passage again. It says 'through Him'. I did not say apart from Him and neither did Paul.

We both agree on the second death, the judgment occurring. We just have a different view on what comes next. Either God will reconcile all, or He will not. Col 1 says He will, and I don't think His Love fails such that He will arbitrarily give up on anyone eventually responding to the Gospel. Otherwise, there will be an eternal scar on Creation -- not all things reconciled through His peace.

He who holds the keys of hell may yet commute the eternal sentence if someone truly seeks restoration as the prodigal. God's Love never fails.

Edit: and just to clarify, I would implore all to seek Him while He may yet be found in this phase of life, before the judgment. Just because all things will one day be reconciled does not mean it is a trivial thing to wander in the outer darkness for eons or even a moment. That would be like trivializing the slide into tyranny because of the hope that someday Liberty will reemerge. Better to avoid the pain of the tyranny at all. And until someone has paid the uttermost farthing and repented of the unpardonable sin of unrepentance, they will not come out. Better to avoid that whole mess and seek Him now.

The biblical concept of love...

I've been doing doctrinal study of the Westminster Larger Catechism, as well as general readings from various Augustinian, Lutheran and Jansenist writers on the subject of love and how it applies in Christian living, and I think there is a fundamental misunderstanding in how the opening poster has framed the concept, which is reflective of a broader problem in American theology.

Orthodox Christianity in the Western Church (predominantly Augustinian) teaches that the expression of love that one owes both to God and his fellow man is rendered through keeping the law (John 14:15), thus it is not some mere emotional statement of affection (though a lawful obedience to the moral law does govern one's affections), nor does it mean that one show blanket mercy to all moral and legal infractions (see Romans 13:4).

You can't real separate love from justice, so while Christ's sermon in Matthew 5-7 gives a general impression of mere passive resistance (square this with Luke 22:36 without obfuscating it the way the Mennonites and the Quakers do), the reality must be seen in context alongside Christ's teachings regarding the moral law (Matthew 5:18 alludes the law, so referring back to the Old Testament is called for in the interest of full context, though many of the positive laws found in the Ceremonial and Judicial practices of Israel were subject to revision to account the end of Israel's national covenant with God).

In light of this, one can logically deduce that the Boston Bombers, being guilty of murder, can and should be subject to execution. Having compassion on them would entail giving them access to spiritual council before their execution (this would entail a Christian preacher, which I know the PC crowd is going to whine about) and also utilizing a fast and humane mode of execution, though arguably also a public one to further demonstrate to others what the consequences of striking at the image of God will bring.

That's it, in a nutshell, I look forward to getting a lot of flack from Christian liberals and other assorted persons about how the death penalty is unchristian (Read the parable in Luke 19 and pay attention to verse 27), but this would be the position of the early church fathers and a person of a similar nature during their time would have been handed over to the governing authorities for their crimes.

“My attitude toward progress has passed from antagonism to boredom. I have long ceased to argue with people who prefer Thursday to Wednesday because it is Thursday.” - G.K. Chesterton

I have a present for you.

You have to keep in mind the context of the sermon on the mount. It's not "do this and you will be justified", it's "justified people will do this". But check this out. Great breakdown of it.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5N_rZd0Wdz8

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Progress is precisely that which the rules and regulations did not foresee. - Ludwig Von Mises.

Simply love your enemy.

All the things that are happening today and recently you can take to the Lord, and he will calm you, but nothing happens without God knowing and nothing happens that isn't part of His plan. Nothing is a surprise to Him, he CANNOT be informed. He is all knowing.

I used to be so worried about the future of America and my loved ones and what would happen and when, but in the end none of it matters. These things are prophesied As long as your soul is secure, live out your days glorifying Him.

Love your enemy simply infers that you have no right of revenge against someone that wrongs you. God himself is the judge, jury and executioner:

Romans: Repay no one evil for evil, but give thought to do what is honorable in the sight of all. If possible, so far as it depends on you, live peaceably with all. Beloved, never avenge yourselves, but leave it to the wrath of God, for it is written, “Vengeance is mine, I will repay, says the Lord.” To the contrary, “if your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him something to drink; for by so doing you will heap burning coals on his head.” Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.

Basically, as a Christian, be nice to all (including your enemies) and let God himself sort it out in the end. But, don't ignore your "enemies" of faith. They are not your enemies.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=qCdC...

Sorry for the text wall.

Ghandi was very firm.

Ghandi was very firm. Non-violence does not mean weakness. He was firm in his mission to make India independent.

Jesus Christ was very firm as well. Firm against hypocrisy and sin.

Ron Paul is very firm. He tells the truth even against antagonistic audiences.

None of them are violent, but they are nobody's doormats. I don't think any of them hated their enemies.

And yet on the judgement when

And yet on the judgement when the books are opened and Jesus Christ is there, where will Gandhi be?

Great men should be judged on their humbleness to God, not on their works. Our righteousness is as filthy rags. We need a savior, not another false idol.

Ghandi's biggest quote on here is to accuse Christians to others and to God, who Jesus Christ died on the cross for.

What will Jesus Christ do on the day of judgement with those that attempted vainly to separate from himself those He died for?

And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor.

Remember that Ghandi may have

Remember that Ghandi may have been acquainted with the Church of England - which is extremely liberal and ruled by the queen.

Ghandi's posture resemble the views of the Catholic church:

"The similarity between Gandhi’s views and those of the Catholic Church is also striking and inescapable. The Catholic Church’s stance on artificial contraception is often looked upon as an issue of religion-specific dogma—and one without relevance to the majority of the world—rather than an issue inextricably linked to the dignity intrinsic to man and his sexuality. When we examine the issue in a broader religious context, it is useful—and surprising—to encounter the position of a non-Western religious and social icon such as Gandhi"

If someone like Ghandi or Ron Paul criticized me then I would take a deep look at myself because they could be onto something.

You can mark me down all you want

But more important thing than "Ghandi" being off topic to a thread specifically asking Christians a question is -

Where will I end up after I die? And is mocking Jesus Christ and his Bride what I really want to be doing at the end of the day?

Ghandi was an antichrist. Leading people to hell as a leader is the worst thing you can probably do in life. It's all I need to know about him.

Romans 1 says that this type of sin is the first type of sin, where they didn't glorify God, and professing themselves wise, they became fools. Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and served and worshiped the creature more than the Creator:

Romans 1
16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.

17 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.

18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness;

19 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them.

20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:

21 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.

22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,

23 And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things.

24 Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves:

25 Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen.

26 For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature:

27 And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompence of their error which was meet.

28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;

29 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers,

30 Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,

31 Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:

32 Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.

And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor.

"Where will I end up after I die?"

Probably collecting dust on a relative's fireplace mantle.

A signature used to be here!

Regarding the video and turning the other cheek:

Regarding the video and turning the other cheek, I've included a couple of commentaries on what Jesus said in this verse:

Matthew 5:39 "But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also."

Robertsons Word pictures:
"Matthew 5:39 Resist not him that is evil (me antistēnai tōi ponērōi). Here again it is the infinitive (second aorist active) in indirect command. But is it “the evil man” or the “evil deed”? The dative case is the same form for masculine and neuter. Weymouth puts it “not to resist a (the) wicked man,” Moffatt “not to resist an injury,” Goodspeed “not to resist injury.” The examples will go with either view. Jesus protested when smitten on the cheek (Joh_18:22). And Jesus denounced the Pharisees (Matthew 23) and fought the devil always. The language of Jesus is bold and picturesque and is not to be pressed too literally. Paradoxes startle and make us think. We are expected to fill in the other side of the picture. One thing certainly is meant by Jesus and that is that personal revenge is taken out of our hands, and that applies to “lynch-law.” Aggressive or offensive war by nations is also condemned, but not necessarily defensive war or defence against robbery and murder. Professional pacifism may be mere cowardice."

Gill's commentary: "Matthew 5:39 But I say unto you, that ye resist not evil,.... This is not to be understood of any sort of evil, not of the evil of sin, of bad actions, and false doctrines, which are to be opposed; nor of the evil one, Satan, who is to be resisted; but of an evil man, an injurious one, who has done us an injury. We must not render evil for evil, or repay him in the same way; see Jam_5:6. Not but that a man may lawfully defend himself, and endeavour to secure himself from injuries; and may appear to the civil magistrate for redress of grievances; but he is not to make use of private revenge. As if a man should pluck out one of his eyes, he must not in revenge pluck out one of his; or should he strike out one of his teeth, he must not use him in the same manner; but patiently bear the affront, or seek for satisfaction in another way."

There is a time and place for

There is a time and place for everything, as Solomon says in Ecclesiastes, a time for peace and a time for war.

Scripture is supposed to be understood spiritually, not literally like the Pharisees did, or the hypocritical trying to use it against Christians, but as God intends it - for it's God we answer to, not men or evil spirits, even if they are quoting scripture.

Sometimes, punishing a person does good. Such as spanking your kid. Or arresting a criminal. Or a rod for the back of a fool (proverbs). This is not evil, it's good and being protective, if it's the right thing according to God.

A legalize sense ignores the spirit of it.

And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor.

Nice comment

I agree. I think that the truth contained in the principles of love, exceeds the limits of literal uniform adherence to any scripture.

As for loving our enemies, I think that this again is relative to the individual and situation.

I do believe though, that we all have the capacity to completely love our enemies in the fullest sense of its meaning, and that by doing so we can achieve a liberation from worldly impediments to the degree to which we realize our freedom to do so.

Freedom is a byproduct of acceptance - judge not.

This is simple!

But not easy.

When Jesus Christ walked the earth Rome was the equivalent of America today in many ways.

Corrupt and evil in almost every way, the government was oppressive for the masses.

Mark 12:14 -- 14 They came to him and said, "Teacher, we know that you are a man of integrity. You aren't swayed by others, because you pay no attention to who they are; but you teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. Is it right to pay the imperial tax to Caesar or not? 15 Should we pay or shouldn't we?" But Jesus knew their hypocrisy. "Why are you trying to trap me?" he asked. "Bring me a denarius and let me look at it."16 They brought the coin, and he asked them, "Whose image is this? And whose inscription?" "Caesar's," they replied. 17 Then Jesus said to them, "Give back to Caesar what is Caesar's and to God what is God's." And they were amazed at him.

I believe we should as Christians, observe the happenings as dispassionate observers. Speak-up when we see the evil. But always remember what happened to The Roman Empire. It wasn't so powerful in the end.

oh no!! it was the climate change that downed the Roman Empire..

...ever heard of the Roman Warm Period??

I have but only recently. See parallels?

Ron Paul ... forever.

True, and England got

True, and England got steadily better and free-er, even living under a monarchy.

And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor.

I posted this quote while debating a Christian..

'I like your Christ, I do not like your Christians. Your Christians are so unlike your Christ.'

Mahatma Gandhi

That sums it up to me...

'Peace is a powerful message.' Ron Paul

Gandhi's Words Remind Me of Somewhat of Some of Jesus's Words

Matthew 7:22 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works? 23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.

The word Christian means "Little Christ."

It seems that not all who name the name of Christ are known by Christ. Perhaps that is why Gandhi did not recognize Christ in the those he was referring to?

...

According to Jesus...

According to Jesus, unkind words towards the lowest Christians would be taken as unkind words towards Jesus: Matthew 25:40 "And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me."

But it's not surprising that Gandhi wouldn't like Christians, since he was a racist who didn't like black people, and many Christians were/are black people.

I'd be interested in that

I'd be interested in that sometime. I knew he wasn't as non-violent as he's been mytholized to be.

But I simply refuse to reearch another of the world's vain "great men". Every one of the wordly great men I've researched has perfectly hideous things in their backgrounds. It's not reported like everything else. It's all vanity of the world.

I just won't waste my time on another. Dozen and more detailed examples is enough.

And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor.

He was also said to be a bisexual womanizer.

He was also said to be a bisexual womanizer. It was covered in a book that came out a few years ago. But the racist stuff was well known long before, just google it on duckduckgo or something. I think the womanizer stuff may have been more widely known than the bisexual stuff though.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/india/8410318...

I'm going to need some of

I'm going to need some of this information, as I can see I'm going to have to have Hindu witnessing information in a few months.

And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor.

I am stealing the quote...

... and will tweet it on #Jodi Arias tag.

Ron Paul ... forever.

Well, Gandhi is burning in

Well, Gandhi is burning in hell. Really, one of the most hateful comments to try to turn a bridegroom against his own bride. Like the other great men of the world - merchants of men's souls.

But off topic to this thread.

Jesus Christ loves His bride. His church which he bought with his own blood, and laid down his life for her.

Ephesians 5:25-33
25 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it; 26 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word, 27 That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish. 28So ought men to love their wives as their own bodies. He that loveth his wife loveth himself. 29For no man ever yet hated his own flesh; but nourisheth and cherisheth it, even as the Lord the church: 30For we are members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones. 31For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall be joined unto his wife, and they two shall be one flesh. 32This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church. 33Nevertheless let every one of you in particular so love his wife even as himself; and the wife see that she reverence her husband.

And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor.

Christ does indeed love his bride, the Church...

... to the extent that he paid the ultimate price:

Keep watch over yourselves and all the flock of which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers. Be shepherds of the church of God, which he bought with his own blood. - Acts 20:28 NIV

For you know that it was not with perishable things such as silver or gold that you were redeemed from the empty way of life handed down to you from your ancestors, but with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or defect. - 1 Peter 1:18-19 NIV

Regarding Gandhi, it seems to me that we really cannot know, at the present time, who is in hell (with the exception of Judas Iscariot - see Mark 14:18-21 and John 17:11-12). Our merciful God sometimes brings salvation even in the eleventh hour (see Luke 23:39-43). To assert that someone is "burning in hell" can come across as judgmental and uncharitable, and thereby damage our testimony for Christ.

A Constitutional, Christian conservative who voted for Ron and stands with Rand

Would you rather say

Would you rather say people who believe what Ghandi believed and don't repent of it will end up in hell?

A gospel message without a future rewards and future punishments is not a full gospel message.

Because if you believe the gospel is the most important thing in the world, you will say what is an anti-christ message. People have died for that message.

And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor.

Absolutely not judgemental

It's absolutely not judgmental. It's believing God. It's the urgency of the gospel.

I believe what God has said. There is only one name under heaven by which men must be saved, and that is Jesus Christ.

Ghandi didn't believe this, and he is dead and now in hell. Not by me, but by the will of God. And not only that, Ghandi taught other men it as well, and is one of the leading anti-Christ figures in the world. He may have helped millions to go to hell.

Luke 12:5
5 But I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear: Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power to cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, Fear him.

And that is God. Fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom.

Proverbs 1:7
The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise wisdom and instruction.

Acts 4:12 Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.

John 14:5 Thomas saith unto him, Lord, we know not whither thou goest; and how can we know the way? 6Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.

And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor.