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Apostolic succession : through the Word of God alone, a protest-ants view

                                 On Apostolic Secession:

                                        ACTS 1:15-26

1:15 " Peter stood up in the midst of the disciples, and said, ( the number of names together were about one hundred and twenty, )
1:16 " men and brethren, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas, which was to guide to them that took Jesus." 
1:17 " For he was numbered with us, and had obtained part of this ministry"
1:18 " Now this man purchased a field with the reward of inequity; and falling headlong, he burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels gushed out." 
1:19 " And it was known unto all that dwellers at Jerusalem; insomuch as that field is called in their proper tongue, Aceldama, that is to say, The field of blood.
1:20 " For it is written in the book of Psalms, Let his habitation be desolate, and let no man dwell therein: and his bishoprick let another take."
1:21 " wherefore of these men who have companied with us all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us"
1:22 " beginning from the baptism of John, unto that same day he was taken up from us, must one be ordained to be a witness with us of his resurrection." 
1:23 " and they appointed two, Joseph called Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias."
1:24 " And they prayed, and said, Thou Lord, which knowest the hearts of all { men }, shew whether of these two thou hast chosen,"
1:25 " That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which judas by transgression fell that he might go to his own place."
1:26 " and they gave forth their lots, and the lot fell upon Matthias; and he was numbered with the eleven apostles." 

  It is written in the book Acts, Chapter 1:15-26 a literal history of the brand new ( only DAYS old ) church choosing a replacement apostle for the position vacated by Judas Iscariot.
In verses 1:15 " Peter stood up in the midst of the disciples, and said, ( the number of names together were about one hundred and twenty, ) < see (3) 

1:16 " men and brethren, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas, which was to guide to them that took Jesus." *

  * Peter is not referring to any unfulfilled scriptures need, but to a COMPLETED and already fulfilled scripture " ...the Holy Spirit spake.....mouth of David....concerning Judas.....which was to guide them that took Jesus". This verse therefor can not be used to mysteriously point towards an unknown scripture that supposedly supports apostolic secession when the scripture spoken of, which was a prophecy of Jesus's manner of betrayal spoken through David by the Spirit,  is clearly shown for its context and content within the same verse.

verses 1:17-22 are but a brief reminder as to why Judas's spot needs be filled, we see clearly in 1:22 the need to be filled is " .....must one be ordained (1) to be a witness with us of his resurrection." from those who " had compenied with us ..... " 1:21-22 .

   It seems then the primary reason for apostles is to " witness with us of his ( Jesus's ) resurrection.   
   (1) Strong's Ref # 1096  ginomai, ghin-om-ahee; a prol. And mid. Voice form of a primary verb; to " cause to be " ( gen-erate ). i.e., (refl) to become ( come into being ) USED WITH GREAT LATITUDE ( * meaning changes frequently dependent upon context, and grammatical structure, subject and event(s) portrayed see Strong's for the complete listing *Note added by author ) ......... be married, be ordained to be, partake........ 

1-23 " and they (2) appointed two, Joseph called Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias " 

   (2) although one can only assume that a lesser number choose, there is no scriptural method of determining any less than the whole of " .......were about one hundred and twenty ", ( and there are historical and textual reasons for the reading to be " the brethren " rather than " disciples ", as many professional commentaries upon this scripture point out ( SDABC 6: pg 128, para 2 )) the number in verse 1:15 as being the " they " who appointed. One must read the whole number present as being " they" as there is no scriptural reason contained within the verse to think otherwise. And any further use of the word " they " contained within the verses describing this event, unless otherwise directly stated in that verse must be read as being "all inclusive" of the entire number of men(3) who were present @120. 
   (3) Jewish custom of the day did not include women or children in the numbering of assemblies of people's. For example the feeding of the 5,000 was just the count of the men present and commentaries speculate ( for it is unknown ) that upwards of 20,000 were actually present. This commentator notes this, not to speculate upon the number total in the upper room, but to point out that it is not only probable but factual that there were a great many more people gathered than the number counted under the Jewish system then used as only the men would have been involved in the casting of lots, but all present would have prayed in unison; for such unison of prayer and purpose is the central theme in the book of Acts.

1:24 " and they prayed, and said, Thou Lord, which knowest the hearts of all { men }(4) shew whether of these two thou hast chosen, "

  Again we see that ALL 120 (see (3)) prayed together for the Holy Spirit to show them " who " " thou hast chosen ".
 (4) when a word is in italicizes in scripture, it is NOT to be found in the original text from which it was translated and was ADDED to improve readability by the translator at a later date.

Verse 1:25 restates the mission, in prayer form of the one to be chosen.
Verse 1:26 shows in brief, but not detail the method by which ALL cast their lot (5), and that the lot fell, or showed that Matthias was chosen. So he was numbered with the apostles.
   (5) Strong's ref. # 2819 klēros, klay'-ros; prob. from klaō, klah'-o , a primary verb " to break "; ( through the idea of using bits of wood, etc, for the purpose ) a die ( for drawing chances); by impl. A portion ( as if so secured ); by exten. An acquisition ( espec. A patrimony, fig.) ;- heritage, inheritance, lot, part.

Verses 15-26, chapter 1 in the Book of Acts is the ONLY Biblical example of a method used by the Christian Church in Choosing a new apostle. But it is not the only method one can scripturally determine if a man is chosen of God for leadership, and I shall attempt to illuminate, using scripture and scripture alone of these in future studies.

In conclusion, it can be said that apostles can be chosen by the ENTIRE body of a church, for every man who believes upon the name of Jesus is to be a disciple ( brethren ) of Jesus, unified in common purpose and prayer that is seeking that Gods will be done in the matter as God would so choose. Therefore any other method of choosing an apostle can not by reason of not adhering to scripture lay claim to being scriptural, or thereby of God. For when God, through his word has clearly outlined his will upon a matter, to do otherwise is a sin of blasphemy against God, for mortal men supplant the teachings of Jesus ( He was the word, and the word was with God, and the word was God ) to teach their human originated doctrine over that of Jesus's teaching, is in fact saying " they are greater than Jesus, and God and expect men to obey and serve them over choosing obedient Faith motivated service to Gods openly declared will as revealed in Scripture", " a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies", indeed ( Dan 7:8 & Rev 13:5) .

In Jesus Christ; 
Stēkō Parrēsia



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