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Part 3 , What my Children Are Learning: 'Forgotten Patriot' : The Primary Financial Hero of the Revolutionary War, Haym Solomon

The unsung heroes of the Revolution are many, but one stands out for his bravery and 'chutzpah'. That man is Haym Solomon, one of the primary 'brokers' and contributors to the cause of the Revolution. He joined the New York branch of the Sons of Liberty, and was arrested by the British in September of 1776. After a pardon caused to some degree by torture claims, he went undercover as interpreter for the British to the Hessian forces. He used this position to convince the Hessians to depart from the service of Great Britain and to assist prisoners in escaping from her. He was arrested again and nearly tried for treason. However, he managed to escape and find his family. He fled with them to the Patriot capital in Philidelphia.

Working extensively with Robert Morris, Haym Solomon was the one who negotiated for aid from the French and Dutch, and sold bills of exchange to American merchants. He also personally funded some of the Continental Congress members' trips and stay in Philidelphia, two of whom were James Madison and James Wilson. True to his Patriotic nature, he asked far below the interest rate that would be charged to others, and did not ask for repayment, even when he was in need himself. He also is presumed to have gifted men whom he believed were unsung heroes of the Revolution with funds. Some of the best evidence for this comes from the case of Dr. Bodo Otto, who was the senior surgeon for the Continental Army. Dr. Otto provided from his own funds the medical supplies for the Hospital at Valley Forge, for which Haym Solomon assisted him in rebuilding his medical practice in Reading, Pennsylvania after the war's end.

He was also faithful to his beliefs, having made the largest contribution toward Congregation Mikvah Israel's building fund. He defended his and others rights to hold office in Pennsylvania, sucessfully removing the religious test oath. His friend and Patriot Robert Morris introduced the bill to end the test laws in Pennsylvania. Solomon's answer to Anti-Semitic slander in the press?

"I am a Jew; It is my own nation, I do not despair that we shall obtain every other privilege that we aspire to enjoy along with our fellow citizens."

(thanks to Wikipedia for the information here. My other potential source, which contained the stamp you can see at wiki has been misplaced. Hopefully I will find it soon)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haym_Solomon

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That was very informational....Jews were also slaveholders>

Highlights and Key Points The Secret Relationship Between Blacks and Jews, Volume One

Book Summary:
To appreciate the Jewish attitude and behavior toward America’s Black citizens in the post-slavery era, it is important at the outset to review the substance of the Black–Jewish relationship leading up to that time—from Europe’s “discovery” of America to the Civil War. In 1992, Dr. Abraham J. Peck, of the American Jewish Archives, was unmistakably clear about the history:
The first two centuries of the Black–Jewish encounter in America were highlighted by a fairly extensive record of Jewish slave-holding. Indeed, during the colonial period, in the small Jewish community of the time, almost every Jewish household of any form, North or South, possessed at least one slave.
Jews were essential participants in the formation, growth, maintenance, and profitability of slavery and the slave trade is no longer open to serious debate. The historical record supports every word of that fact. Christopher Columbus—whose trans-Atlantic expeditions initiated the genocide of the Red man and forecasted the African Holocaust—was financed by Spanish Jews and is claimed to be a Jew himself. Jewish merchants owned, insured, and financed slave ships and outfitted them with chains and shackles. Jews were auctioneers, brokers, and wholesalers, keeping the slave economy oiled with money, markets, and supplies. Nine out of ten Africans were shipped to Brazil. Jewish scholar Dr. Arnold Wiznitzer described the early Jewish presence there:
Besides their important position in the sugar industry and in tax farming, they dominated the slave trade....The buyers who appeared at the auctions were almost always Jews, and because of this lack of competitors they could buy slaves at low prices. According to Wiesenthal Center scholar Dr. Harold Brackman, during the 1600s “slave trading in Brazil became a ‘Jewish’ mercantile specialty in much the same way it had been in early medieval Europe.”
Jewish scholar Jonathan Schorsch wrote, “Jewish merchants routinely possessed enormous numbers of slaves temporarily before selling them off.” The Jewish Encyclopedia adds, “Jewish commercial activity” in this time included a “monopoly of the slave trade.”
The synagogue in Brazil imposed a tax on its members’ slaves. Slave auctions were postponed if they fell on a Jewish holiday.

Caribbean & South America
The Jews of Surinam owned plantations with Hebrew names like Machanayim, Nachamu, and Goshen, where, according to Dr. Marcus Arkin, they used “many thousands” of Black slaves. Rabbi Herbert I. Bloom added that the “slave trade was one of the most important Jewish activities here...”
In 1694, Jews owned 9,000 Africans, and by 1791 there were 100 “Jewish mulattoes” in Surinam—the unwanted result of the rape of African women by their Jewish enslavers. Jewish historian Dr. Cecil Roth wrote that the slave revolts in parts of South America “were largely directed against [Jews], as being the greatest slave-holders of the region.”
The Jews of Barbados, wrote one Jewish scholar, “made a good deal of their money by purchasing and hiring out negroes...” All Barbadian Jews—including the rabbi—owned Black slaves.
Jews warehoused so many African slaves in Barbados that Gentile authorities moved to limit the number of captives they could possess. Jews became the major traders in “refuse slaves”—Africans who were weak and sick from the Middle Passage voyage. Jewish traders “fattened them up” and sold them at a profit. Jews set up militias with the sole purpose of fighting the Black Maroons, the escaped Africans who were fighting to free their enslaved breth-ren. The Jewish militias murdered the Maroons and cut off their hands to award as trophies. The first Hebrew poem written in the “New World” was a bitter attack on the Black Maroon leaders. Jewish scholars Isaac and Susan Emmanuel reported that in Curaçao, which was a major slave-trading depot, “the shipping business was mainly a Jewish enterprise.” Rabbi Marc Lee Raphael wrote that in Curaçao in the seventeenth century, as well as in Barbados and Jamaica in the eighteenth century, “Jewish mer-chants played a major role in the slave trade.” A Jewish shipper had a monopoly on trade to the notorious slave dungeon at Gorée Island—the Auschwitz of the Black Holocaust.

This is an excerpt I came across...This doesn't reflect how I feel personally..it's just information.

Ahh.

Interesting. (any confirmation from another source?)

"Hence, naturally enough, my symbol for Hell is something like the bureaucracy of a police state or the office of a thoroughly nasty business concern." ~~C.S. Lewis
Love won! Deliverance from Tyranny is on the way! Col. 2:13-15

Google the names....

The information is from Jewish sources...But a simple startpage or google search could provide answers...

Interesting

..thanks for sharing.

"Alas! I believe in the virtue of birds. And it only takes a feather for me to die laughing."

You're Welcome

Hopefully others will also find it so.

"Hence, naturally enough, my symbol for Hell is something like the bureaucracy of a police state or the office of a thoroughly nasty business concern." ~~C.S. Lewis
Love won! Deliverance from Tyranny is on the way! Col. 2:13-15