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Propaganda: Spanking in Childhood Tied to Adult Obesity and Heart Disease

Children who were punished physically had higher risks for cardiovascular disease, arthritis, and obesity in adulthood, researchers found.

Compared with adults who were not punished physically as children, those who received harsh physical punishment in childhood were 24% more likely to be obese (95% CI 1.05-1.47) and 35% more likely to have arthritis (95% CI 1.10-1.69), according to Tracie Afifi, PhD, of the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg, Canada, and colleagues.

Children disciplined with physical punishment were also significantly more likely to have cardiovascular disease as adults (adjusted OR 1.38, 95% CI 1.08-1.76), though this association only approached significance after additional adjustment (aOR 1.28, 95% CI 1.00-1.64), they wrote online in the journal Pediatrics.

Prior research has established relationships between physical punishment -- such as pushing, grabbing, shoving, slapping, and hitting -- and mental disorders, aggression, delinquency, and physical injury. Additionally, other research has shown a link between long-term effects on health-related quality of life with physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, intimate partner violence, and neglect. However, past studies have not explored long-term physical health consequences on adults who grew up receiving physical punishment.

More Propaganda: http://www.medpagetoday.com/TheGuptaGuide/Pediatrics/40451

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