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I see where you're coming from ...

...but the name of a nation isn't really a brand name, is it? For example, should Greece be given royalties for Grecian Formula hair products?

Work for pay, pay for freedom
Fuck 'em all, we don't need 'em

Hmm

It is certainly true that the idea seems ridiculous when using Greece as an example of a 'nation'.

Can we rightly compare the nation state of modern Greece to a small group of a few thousand indigenous people living on a reservation within the territory of the US?

I had considered this in terms of other nations before I posted in an attempt to brainstorm how the indigenous nations would be unique enough in an economic sense to qualify.

As a numerically small group of people living on a reservation, there is an economic unity among the group that allows them to classify themselves as a type of corporation.

Since there are specific tribal governments recognized both by the tribal members and the US government through treaties, the authority exists under US and international law for the tribal government to lay special claim to the name and identity of the tribe.

It could exercise this claim through the corporation.

Casinos, for example, tend to be seen as a tribal asset and not privately owned by only some members of the reservation.

Some nations produce products that have brands which are totally unique to the reservation, such as some tobacco products, for example.

I think before any intellectual property rights could be enforced, a claim would have to be made by filing with the patent office. I wonder if they would reject this out of hand or whether an actual case could be made along the lines of my thinking which would get it recognized. Once there is legal recognition, licensing becomes a piece of cake.

Back to Greece as an example... would it be possible for a private company to use the flag of the nation of Greece as its logo?

Let's see what the US government and history have to say:

Beginning in the late 19th century, the use of the flag on beer bottles and other products led to a movement to protect the flag from commercial use. Efforts at the federal level failed, so states, one by one, started passing their own Flag Codes, beginning with Illinois, Pennsylvania and South Dakota.

In the case of Halter vs. Nebraska (1923), the Supreme Court ruled 8-1 that state governments have the authority to ban desecration of the American flag.

Several efforts followed trying to unify the various state codes into one Federal Flag Code, which occurred in 1942 (see above).

The American Legion has been promoting flag etiquette since its founding in 1919. The Veterans of Foreign Wars has long advocated proper respect for the flag.

Adoption of State Flag Desecration Statutes — By the late 1800's an organized flag protection movement was born in reaction to perceived commercial and political misuse of the flag. After supporters failed to obtain federal legislation, Illinois, Pennsylvania, and South Dakota became the first States to adopt flag desecration statutes. By 1932, all of the States had adopted flag desecration laws.

In general, these State laws outlawed: Placing any kind of marking on the flag, whether for commercial, political, or other purposes; Using the flag in any form of advertising; and
Publicly mutilating, trampling, defacing, defiling, defying or casting contempt, either by words or by act, upon the flag.

Under the model flag desecration law, the term "flag" was defined to include any flag, standard, ensign, or color, or any representation of such made of any substance whatsoever and of any size that evidently purported to be said flag or a picture or representation thereof, upon which shall be shown the colors, the stars and stripes in any number, or by which the person seeing the same without deliberation may believe the same to represent the flag of the U.S.

Other nations have similar codes in place that prevent the nation's symbol from being co-opted for private use, especially commercial use. While there are companies that are "Federal..." or "American...", I challenge you to locate a company that has the exact words: "The United States of America" in their company name. Is there a "Trading company of the United States of America"? If there were, wouldn't it be owned by the government and thus technically exist for the benefit of all citizens and/or residents?