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Scientists take "4D printing" a step further

By Ben Coxworth
October 24, 2013

Using a 3D printer, people can already determine the length, width and depth of an object that they create. Thanks to research being conducted at the University of Colorado, Boulder, however, a fourth dimension can now be included – time. And no, we're not talking about how long it takes to 3D-print an item. Instead, it's now possible to print objects that change their shape at a given time.

The scientists, led by Prof. H. Jerry Qi, have developed a "4D printing" process in which shape-memory polymer fibers are deposited in key areas of a composite material item as it's being printed. By carefully controlling factors such as the location and orientation of the fibers, those areas of the item will fold, stretch, curl or twist in a predictable fashion when exposed to a stimulus such as water, heat or mechanical pressure.

The concept was proposed earlier this year by MIT's Skylar Tibbits, who used his own 4D printing process to create a variety of small self-assembling objects. "We advanced this concept by creating composite materials that can morph into several different, complicated shapes based on a different physical mechanism,” said Martin L. Dunn of the Singapore University of Technology and Design, who collaborated with Qi on the latest research.

read more http://www.gizmag.com/4d-printing-composite-material/29536/?...




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A post from the link's site...

I would ask to correct the Author:
Time is NOT the 4th Dimension! If you were a 2D person living on a plane. As you move from where you are to any other place you would experience "Time". If you were a 1D person living on a line as you move from where you are to any other place you would experience "Time". Time as Eisenstein state is "relative".... not a dimension.
Daniel Schmitt
25th October, 2013 @ 09:37 am PDT

-The above post does not mention the interesting morphing explained in the link's article.

Time is the first dimension... Falling in love is the first

demention.

why are pandas exempt from RICO statutes?

i need to get me a printer

i need to get me a printer

ooh nice! thanks for the post.

always LOVE your posts, Bob!

learn/discover something new every time.

Predictions in due Time...
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zGDisyWkIBM

"Let it not be said that no one cared, that no one objected once it's realized that our liberties and wealth are in jeopardy." - Dr. Ronald Ernest Paul

Thanks, AnCapMercenary.

It is always gratifying for me to share knowledge. That is my biggest reason for being a libertarian.

and very gratifying to

read, indeed.)

thanks.

Predictions in due Time...
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zGDisyWkIBM

"Let it not be said that no one cared, that no one objected once it's realized that our liberties and wealth are in jeopardy." - Dr. Ronald Ernest Paul

Capsule Corp

;)

I use Blue Wave, but don't expect one of THEIR silly taglines.

yea

wheres bulma at? i want a flying car in a pill bottle right now.

meow

That's pretty interesting

Thanks

When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe.
~ John Muir

Based on 'Shape-Memory Alloy' technology?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shape-memory_alloy

"...is an alloy that "remembers" its original, cold-forged shape: returning to the pre-deformed shape when heated."

why are pandas exempt from RICO statutes?

I don't know, but I don't think so

Here's why. I looked at what you linked, and that's pretty interesting, too. But it would appear that there is one "base" shape that is remembered and can be returned to. Whereas, in this case, the object can change into different shapes depending on the materials and particular mechanism used.

"This means that one 4D-printed object could change shape in different ways, depending on the type of stimulus to which it was exposed. That functionality could make it possible (for example) to print a photovoltaic panel in a flat shape, expose it to water to cause it to fold up for shipping, and then expose it to heat to make it fold out to yet another shape that's optimal for catching sunlight."

When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe.
~ John Muir