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The Heart of Dixie

The first in the 50 States Series on the Daily Paul.


Alabama is rich in its history showcasing some of the most unique and picturesque Victorian architecture in the south.

It has a rather surprisingly diverse topography. Alabama is divided into four major physiographic regions: the Gulf Coastal Plain, Piedmont Plateau, Ridge and Valley section, and Appalachian (or Cumberland) Plateau. The physical characteristics of each province have significantly affected settlement and industrial development patterns within the state. http://www.city-data.com/states/Alabama-Topography.html

a topo map


Going back into the 15th century we know that Alabama was occupied by Seminole, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw and Creek Indians. As a matter of fact the name Alabama comes from what is believed to be a Creek Indian term (meaning "tribal town"). Other sources claim it is derived from the Choctaw Indian language, translating as "thicket-clearers" or "vegetation-gatherers."

In this era what is now known as Alabama was explored by a Spaniard named Alonso Álvarez de Pineda.


Though not the first Europeans to view present-day Alabama—a distinction due to the expeditions of either Alonso Álvarez de Pineda (1519) or Pánfilo de Narváez (1528)—Soto and his men were the first to explore the interior. The Soto expedition landed on the west coast of the Florida Peninsula on May 30, 1539, with 513 soldiers, their servants, and 237 horses. The force proceeded to terrorize and enslave the region's Native American inhabitants throughout its march northward toward Apalache (present-day Tallahassee) in quest of gold.

Moving forward to 1756 - 1763 - The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba.


1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution creates the United States of America.
1803 The southern section was claimed by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. the United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France. The U.S. Secretary of State, James Madison paid 15 million dollars for the land.

1813 - 1814: The Creek Indian War - At the start of the 1500's the Creeks occupied nearly all of southeast United States. Their defeat at the battle in Lumpkin County (Georgia) near Slaughter Gap forced them farther and farther West opening up settlements within Alabama.

The Date that Alabama was admitted to the Union - December 14, 1819. The Constitution: Alabama was the 22nd State to be admitted to the Union. State Motto - Audemus jura nostra defendere - motto translated as " We Dare Defend Our Rights "



1836 - 1837: The Second Creek War (Seminole War) in which Creek warriors were defeated at Hobdy's Bridge South Alabama
Andrew Jackson was a key character in this three part war on the Indian Tribes. This is a fascinating subject by itself and I encourage you to read about it.


1832-1839: Removal of the Seminole, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw and Creek Indians, known as the "Five Civilized Tribes" to Indian Territory. This was also the begining of the Trail of Tears.

Alabama seceded from the Union on January 11, 1861, but when Alabama seceded from the Union, the northeastern county of Winston seceded from Alabama. Alabama seceded from the Union because Alabama was one of the states where it was allowed to hold slaves and the other states wouldn't allow it so Alabama wanted to be part of the CSA so they could hold slaves so they seceded from the USA.


Mises.org has a non mainstream view of secession in the United States that needs to be more thoroughly explored. but since its not on topic of this post I will offer a link to Secession,State & Liberty

Moving forward, after the Civil War some notable historic people emerged from this great state.

Did you know this is where the Tuskegee Airman were from? The Tuskegee Airmen s the popular name of a group of African-American pilots who fought in World War II. Formally, they formed the 332nd Fighter Group and the 477th Bombardment Group of the United States Army Air Forces.

The Tuskegee Airmen were the first African-American military aviators in the United States armed forces. During World War II, African Americans in many U.S. states were still subject to the Jim Crow laws and the American military was racially segregated, as was much of the federal government. The Tuskegee Airmen were subjected to racial discrimination, both within and outside the army. All black military pilots who trained in the United States (including five Haitians) trained at Moton Field, located in Tuskegee, Alabama.

Alabama is also the birthplace of the civil rights movement producing iconic historical figures such as Rosa Parks and Dr Martin Luther King.

A Tribute to Dr. Martin Luther King

Here is a controversial Governor from Alabama named George Wallace that was candidate for the US Presidency while an assassination attempt was made on his life. Here he is talking about State Rights.

Too bad he was a racist....he would have been good.

From an Industry standpoint, Alabama was important to our economy having some of the best natural resources for producing steel. Birmingham was founded on June 1, 1871 by real estate promoters who sold lots near the planned crossing of the Alabama & Chattanooga and South & North railroads. The site of the railroad crossing was notable for the nearby deposits of iron ore, coal, and limestone-the three principal raw materials used in making steel. Its founders adopted the name of England's principal industrial city to advertise the new city as a center of iron and steel production. Despite outbreaks of cholera, the population of 'Pittsburgh of the South' grew from 38,000 to 132,000 from 1900 to 1910, attracting rural white and black migrants from all over the region. Birmingham experienced such rapid growth that it was nicknamed "The Magic City." By the 1920s, Birmingham was the 19th largest city in the U.S and held more than 30% of the population of the state. Heavy industry and mining were the basis of the economy.

Chemical and structural constraints limited the quality of steel produced from Alabama’s iron and coal. These materials did, however, combine to make ideal foundry iron. Because of low transportation and labor costs, Birmingham quickly became the largest and cheapest foundry iron-producing area. By 1915 twenty-five percent of the nation’s foundry pig iron was produced in Birmingham.


Alabama takes great pride in their sports teams and music. The great Bear Bryant who coached at the University of Alabama still is a state hero for his major success in collegiate football.

This post is very long winded and I will wrap it up and summarize it with this.

I learned Alabama is rich with the spirit of Liberty, Industry and Resistance. There are some very dark spots here but it fostered the defiance of good Americans such as Martin Luther King and the Tuskegee Airman.

My next segment will be titled "North to the Future" a look at Alaska. Please let me know what you think about this post and please bring on the comments whether they are about the post itself, the content or a debatable subject within.


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Author Harper Lee is

from Monroeville, Alabama. She wrote To Kill A Mockingbird for which she won the Pulitzer Prize in 1961, the second year after publication. It is her only published novel. Another little factoid: Her next door neighbor was Truman Capote. He visited during the summer just like the character "Dill" and they were fast friends.

Lynyrd Skynyrd - Sweet Home Alabama

Alabama Jubilee

This was a ragtime song I grew up hearing. In searching for a version like the one I remember (which had lyrics, for one), I came across many great versions! Couldn't choose just one. So, take your pick - and feel free to tap your feet, clap your hands, and... sing along!

You ought to see Deacon Jones when he rattles them bones
Old Parson Brown dancin' 'round like a clown
Aunt Jemima, who's past eighty three,
Shoutin' "I'm full o' pep! Watch your step! Watch your step!"
One legged Joe dancin' 'round on his toe,
Threw away his crutch and hollered, "Let 'er go!" Oh, honey,
Hail! Hail! The gang's all here
For an Alabama jubilee

I...Clarence White - Guitar (with banjo & fiddle)
....."Mighty fine pickin!"

II..Sue Keller - Steinway Grand Piano
....."Bravo!! Bravo!!! Sue! you just made that piano talk. Thank you for sharing your gift..."

III.Firehouse Five Plus Two - Dixieland Jazz Band
...."Overwhelming song. Just great...Thank you." Yeah, I agree. These guys are fantastic!

IV..Sunset Serenaders - Local Swedish trio
Few you-tube versions of Alabama Jubilee have vocals; and of the few that do, someone basically just calls out the words (monotone) vs. actually singing the melody. I had to go to Sweden to hear it done correctly! Thank you and nice job, Nils, Nisse, and Mr. Spång. P.S. I like that, even in Scandinavia, they know the Alabama Jubilee.

V...Bobby Howe - Guitar solo, Chet Atkins style
One guitar player, Will Fly, observed: "Fun to play, with sweet chords and a real lilt to them. It's generally played far too fast by many musicians who, in using it as a vehicle to show off, lose the beauty of the melody and the chord changes." I agree. While I love Chet Atkins, it's how I felt about his own versions of the song.
...."Wow it's played so... perfectly..." Yeah.

One group had the song on an album called The Happiest Music in the World. I think that's a good way to describe it. Thanks, Dexter for your post bringing back a nice memory.

When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe.
~ John Muir


Thank you :D

You mean for my great song here?

Ha, ha. You're welcome. I told you it was easy. :) But for real, I hope you'll check out Alabama Jubilee. I can't get over that piano player. But if you're into guitar, that last "Chet Atkins" version is really nice. Of course, that Dixieland band is a riot...

When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe.
~ John Muir

Roll Tide! great post dex -

Roll Tide!

great post dex - thx


Liberty = Responsibility

50 States: Alabama - Thanks Dexterszyd!

I think this state project is a nice idea. I very much enjoyed this first installment, reading about ALABAMA.

I liked the pictures and how you had links to make it easy to look into subjects further (or easy to skip over sports). :) It kept the post from being weighed down and made it visually interesting. I also the loved the map showing the states topography! I didn't think it was long-winded. I thought the length was perfect.

Two suggestions for you to consider.
1) More maps! I was thinking about a map to put the state's location into context. I was particularly interested to read about Alabama's history. I hate to admit it, but I realized in the part about deSoto and a reference to Tallahassee that I didn't know how Alabama was juxtaposed with Florida such that I understood what was involved there. I had to check a map.

Hm. If there were an additional map, what kind? I'm thinking out loud here... Some states, because of their size, location, or unique shape, could be located by virtually anyone on a blank state map of the U.S. But not necessarily others. (Like, which of those two similarly-situated New England states is Vermont and which is New Hampshire? Unless you lived in the northeast, you might not know.) So I guess depending on the state and what things you chose to mention, it could be different types (in addition to a topographical map):
a) relative to the U.S. For example, http://www.myonlinemaps.com/images/alabama-map.gif FYI, this website has a map and fun facts for all the states: http://www.myonlinemaps.com/alabama.php Or
b) Or it might be a good idea to show a political map, i.e., with at least major cities.
Or c) a map that shows a state within its region: New England, Middle Atlantic, Southern, etc. - maybe (though not necessarily) tied in to something you've talked about (a historical map?). Examples:

There's overlap, of course. So, some topographical maps show major cities. Some "state maps" show at adjoining states. Anyway, it's an idea.

2) Current representatives in government:
Governor - The National Governor's Association has a list of governors; you could click on the state and include that address in your post. What comes up is the governor and contact info. Plus for those interested, from there someone could be linked to
a) the governor's website, and
b) the state website - which has all sorts of info - re the government, but also things like info for visiting in case you've inspired anyone to take a trip!

Alabama - http://www.nga.org/cms/home/governors/current-governors/col2...
Main site for current governors: http://www.nga.org/cms/governors/bios

Senators: While you can find U.S. Senators navigating through the state websites (above), I think they're prominent enough and powerful enough that you might want to consider mentioning them along with governors. Re Alabamaa, I know and like Senator Jeff Sessions. (I used to be a C-Span junkie and watched him in many Congressional hearings.) But I wouldn't have been able to name the other Alabama senator for a million dollars. This is a neat site.
Alabama: http://www.senate.gov/states/AL/intro.htm
Main Site: You'd check off the state here to provide the right link in the post.

P.S. When issues arise, we'll have convenient contact info!

So, Dexter, those are my two suggestions for you to consider including: maps to show what's around a state; and the state's governor and maybe senators.

I wish you luck with Alaska. Really, I love this project and did enjoy reading the post. I also had fun finding the right version of a song I know about Alabama that I want to mention... but that's a different story. :)

When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe.
~ John Muir

Great feedback!

I can really appreciate what you are saying especially links to political office where one can seek out info when needed.

I think I will take your advice and it offers a nice dynamic on maps as well. The link to the Topo map shows many more views of Alabama if you have not clicked on it yet.

Thanks for the constructive critique , I sincerely appreciate it.

For Freedom!
The World is my country, all mankind is my brethren, to do good is my religion.

I'm glad you told me that about the link. In fact,

I didn't click on the link below the map *or* above it. I thought you were just providing your sources. For that link under the map, I didn't think there would be anything there other than the map shown (something like, at the nightly jam session, even though it doesn't really serve a purpose, everyone adds the link for an embedded video.) Ha, a question of mine is now answered. I'd wondered *where* those plateaus were that you'd referred to. Maybe for some links, you could title them? Well, again, it's just an idea.

Physical Features (Add'l maps)

Btw, I didn't know until reading your post that part of Alabama was even on the coast. It's not *much* of their border, but enough! Like with New Hampshire, it's almost like they negotiated a "right of way." See, just one post and already we're smarter. My only beef is that, since your mention of pig iron I can't get that Johnny Cash song out of my head! :) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FX1BPItDcDo

When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe.
~ John Muir

Sure enough. Surf's up... in Alabama.

Thanks, granger. Those waves looked like fun. And I could smell the salt. Great. Now I've gotta hear another song. Ever hear of it? :) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tyOYQ8qfFng

[As for the song you mentioned... you might want to put the title into its own comment and share it. No one will find it here. Do you know how to embed a song? If not, I'll explain. It's easy.]

When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe.
~ John Muir

Easy for you

you've got talent on these computers.. imbed huh? deep sigh ok show me, please.

And yeah.. I won that album in some contest when I was a kid and all the older kids said I was lucky, so I guessed I was... now had I a record player at the time....

You *were* lucky! You'e funny.

And ha, ha. Me talented on computers. I learned this from someone here just like you are. Okay, now that I've stopped laughing...
1) Get the song back up on your screen. (If it starts to play, just pause it.) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IwWUOmk7wO0
2) Right below the # of hits, see where it says, About... Share... and Add to? Click on "Share."
3) Now you have a choice: Embed or E-mail. Click on "Embed."
4) The address in that box should be in blue. Right-click and click on "copy."
5) Okay now leave here and do whatever you'd do to add a new comment on this thread. Make the *subject* be "Sweet Home Alabama." In the *comment* box, right click and click on "paste." That should paste in that address you copied. Voila!
6) Hit save. It will *look* like nothing's there. I don't know why that is, but if you go to another screen and come back, it'll be there.

When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe.
~ John Muir

Secession Time!

We have a long history and a culture that's worth preserving.
Secede to Survive!

"The Yankee is compelled to toil to make the world go around."
-Admiral Raphael Semmes, CSN

thank you for putting this . . .


thoughtful; a lot of work.

it's hard to be awake; it's easier to dream--

Also, George Wallace ran

Also, George Wallace ran twice for governor on a platform of desegregation. To label him a "racist" is not accurate. He was a political opportunist. He realized he could never win in Alabama on a desegregationist platform, so he changed his tune. The rest is history.

I notice more racism in the northern states.

There is racism in the South, but I think it is 'subdued'....maybe what you would call more 'genteel'. Up north it is harsh and mean and lots of people have fear of black people. They won't drive here or there or cross that road...'Don't drive over there, it's the black part of town'.

I notice in the south, the races get along easier, but you better not date my daughter kind of thing.
Up north, it is more hate filled and people avoid each other. Not so much with the young kids, but as they get older it's like that.

Very interesting read so far...

I moved from California to Arkansas and the racism here is less than somewhere like Mississippi from what I have seen. I don't know if that is because there are no blacks or minorities where we live or not.

I do find it interesting that when you are white your reception is somewhat different than if you were black. I have had the occasional person make some off color remarks to me I think mainly due to no blacks being around.

I had the joy of traveling through MS years ago when I was stationed in Memphis, TN. I have to tell you that was a real shocker. I had stopped to ask for directions and essentially was told not to go through "that area because it was black top". The guys accent was so heavy I finally made out that he was telling me that was the black area of town. I have to say the people tend to self segregate in MS and other parts of the south.

Arkansas was a sun downer area in the early 1900's so a lot of the blacks were completely ran off from areas of the state so I am guessing they just never really came back. In any case I don't truly understand racism for the sake of hating people based on their skin color.

My 2 cents.

This "series" needs to die

This "series" needs to die right now if you are going to reduce the War Between the States to: "Alabama seceded so they could have slaves so that's why they joined the CSA."


If there is an alternate version then this would be the place to discuss it. I agree that the history books are not always factual and should be examined. This is not a gospel, just a series to inspire further discussions and grow new branches on the DP tree...

Would love to see a post from you that counters the assertion in my post as a new topic or simply dialog within the comments here.


For Freedom!
The World is my country, all mankind is my brethren, to do good is my religion.

Here is some stuff you may

Here is some stuff you may not know.

The Union did not free their slaves until after the war: http://www.dailypaul.com/303687/the-emancipation-proclamatio...

H.K. Edgerton is a Black Confederate, and a former president of the Asheville, North Carolina chapter of the NAACP.

he travels the country telling the truth: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H._K._Edgerton

Here is his website: http://www.southernheritage411.com/newsarticle2.php?rw=2006

And he is called a "House Negro" by ignorant pro union folks for his troubles: http://www.hellonegro.com/2007/12/08/house-negro-alert-black...

A number of blacks served in the confederate army, the links below will keep you busy.







Perhaps a good place to start

Perhaps a good place to start would be "The Real Lincoln" by Thomas DiLorenzo. While slavery did play a part, the actual issue, as has been pointed on out this site, on LewRockwell.com, on Mises.org, LibertyClassroom.com, by Ron Paul himself on Meet the Press and Morning Joe, and by all the great historians and economists in the Austrian movement, was the Lincoln administration carrying out the Hamiltonian System and attempting to change the nature of the "Federal" "Union". It was the formation of "paternalism", or the government forcing people to do "what is good for them" at the end of a bayonet. Even the son of William Wilberforce, one of the most outspoken opponents of slavery in the world, felt the South had the moral high ground.

The fact of the matter is the South did not fight to keep slaves. In fact, Robert E. Lee himself urged Jefferson Davis at the outset of the war to embrace gradual emancipation of the slaves, because he considered slavery a wicked institution, but he felt a violent and sudden abolishment of it would leave the former slaves out on the streets with nothing. He fought for the Union as the founders intended: limited government and self-determination.

I am sorry if it seemed like attacking your hard work, but I am sick and tired of people reducing the WBTS(or the War to Prevent Southern Independence as DiLorenzo calls it) to slavery vs. abolition. It is very apparent for anyone who reads a bit into the actions of the players of the time that it is much deeper than that.



The point of the post is to discuss and debate the states. Its a great thread and thanks for starting it Dex.

'Peace is a powerful message.' Ron Paul

Virginia is the Heart of

Virginia is the Heart of Dixie, not Alabama.

Not according to 99% of the books


For Freedom!
The World is my country, all mankind is my brethren, to do good is my religion.

I would also suggest not

I would also suggest not quoting "99% of books" and then citing ask.com.

I would recommend "Robert E.

I would recommend "Robert E. Lee on Leadership" by H.W. Crocker III. It very clearly illustrates if it wasn't for Virginia, its army, generals, leaders, and economy, the CSA would not have lasted 6 months. I don't think many scholarly essays will reference ask.com.


...can someone please tell me why there is a giant dick-shaped sign for Alabama? Just so uncool. ;) lol

- Brennan

What would be really cool is

If some of the subjects in these state posts would inspire others to research the individual topics within.

Ie, post on George Wallace or the Creek Indians, Seminole wars etc...even government issues in AL today...

We have 49 more coming so should have lots to talk about....

For Freedom!
The World is my country, all mankind is my brethren, to do good is my religion.


Because as soon as I saw your awesome topic post and began reading, I thought.. "The Spanish came and didn't erect a Catholic Church?"

How did Alabama miss out of getting a Catholic Church until the 19th century. Something is not adding up. New Orleans was a very busy port and God knows the paths East from New Orleans were well traveled and New Orleans was very Catholic, cpounties are still named Parrishes for the power of the Catholic Church.

I am coming to the conclusion that America history before the Constitution adopted to states is wiped off the map..

Here in CA, my research shows that what we call the Mexican American war was really a religious war.. the protestants accused the Catholics of enslaving the indians....... a little south from me is a old Russian Catholic Church.. "Fort Ross" http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Ross,_California
To me, long before the polgrams arrived to the East Coast, the Catholic Churchs had made their claims, and that is what these old missions and relec Churches are, and yet, we do not know these histories.. CA was the 31st state 1850..