The Heart of DixieSubmitted by dexterszyd on Sun, 11/10/2013 - 15:03
The first in the 50 States Series on the Daily Paul.
Alabama is rich in its history showcasing some of the most unique and picturesque Victorian architecture in the south.
It has a rather surprisingly diverse topography. Alabama is divided into four major physiographic regions: the Gulf Coastal Plain, Piedmont Plateau, Ridge and Valley section, and Appalachian (or Cumberland) Plateau. The physical characteristics of each province have significantly affected settlement and industrial development patterns within the state. http://www.city-data.com/states/Alabama-Topography.html
Going back into the 15th century we know that Alabama was occupied by Seminole, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw and Creek Indians. As a matter of fact the name Alabama comes from what is believed to be a Creek Indian term (meaning "tribal town"). Other sources claim it is derived from the Choctaw Indian language, translating as "thicket-clearers" or "vegetation-gatherers."
In this era what is now known as Alabama was explored by a Spaniard named Alonso Álvarez de Pineda.
Though not the first Europeans to view present-day Alabama—a distinction due to the expeditions of either Alonso Álvarez de Pineda (1519) or Pánfilo de Narváez (1528)—Soto and his men were the first to explore the interior. The Soto expedition landed on the west coast of the Florida Peninsula on May 30, 1539, with 513 soldiers, their servants, and 237 horses. The force proceeded to terrorize and enslave the region's Native American inhabitants throughout its march northward toward Apalache (present-day Tallahassee) in quest of gold.
Moving forward to 1756 - 1763 - The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba.
1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution creates the United States of America.
1803 The southern section was claimed by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. the United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France. The U.S. Secretary of State, James Madison paid 15 million dollars for the land.
1813 - 1814: The Creek Indian War - At the start of the 1500's the Creeks occupied nearly all of southeast United States. Their defeat at the battle in Lumpkin County (Georgia) near Slaughter Gap forced them farther and farther West opening up settlements within Alabama.
The Date that Alabama was admitted to the Union - December 14, 1819. The Constitution: Alabama was the 22nd State to be admitted to the Union. State Motto - Audemus jura nostra defendere - motto translated as " We Dare Defend Our Rights "
1836 - 1837: The Second Creek War (Seminole War) in which Creek warriors were defeated at Hobdy's Bridge South Alabama
Andrew Jackson was a key character in this three part war on the Indian Tribes. This is a fascinating subject by itself and I encourage you to read about it.
1832-1839: Removal of the Seminole, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw and Creek Indians, known as the "Five Civilized Tribes" to Indian Territory. This was also the begining of the Trail of Tears.
Alabama seceded from the Union on January 11, 1861, but when Alabama seceded from the Union, the northeastern county of Winston seceded from Alabama. Alabama seceded from the Union because Alabama was one of the states where it was allowed to hold slaves and the other states wouldn't allow it so Alabama wanted to be part of the CSA so they could hold slaves so they seceded from the USA.
Mises.org has a non mainstream view of secession in the United States that needs to be more thoroughly explored. but since its not on topic of this post I will offer a link to Secession,State & Liberty
Moving forward, after the Civil War some notable historic people emerged from this great state.
Did you know this is where the Tuskegee Airman were from? The Tuskegee Airmen s the popular name of a group of African-American pilots who fought in World War II. Formally, they formed the 332nd Fighter Group and the 477th Bombardment Group of the United States Army Air Forces.
The Tuskegee Airmen were the first African-American military aviators in the United States armed forces. During World War II, African Americans in many U.S. states were still subject to the Jim Crow laws and the American military was racially segregated, as was much of the federal government. The Tuskegee Airmen were subjected to racial discrimination, both within and outside the army. All black military pilots who trained in the United States (including five Haitians) trained at Moton Field, located in Tuskegee, Alabama.
Alabama is also the birthplace of the civil rights movement producing iconic historical figures such as Rosa Parks and Dr Martin Luther King.
A Tribute to Dr. Martin Luther King
Here is a controversial Governor from Alabama named George Wallace that was candidate for the US Presidency while an assassination attempt was made on his life. Here he is talking about State Rights.
Too bad he was a racist....he would have been good.
From an Industry standpoint, Alabama was important to our economy having some of the best natural resources for producing steel. Birmingham was founded on June 1, 1871 by real estate promoters who sold lots near the planned crossing of the Alabama & Chattanooga and South & North railroads. The site of the railroad crossing was notable for the nearby deposits of iron ore, coal, and limestone-the three principal raw materials used in making steel. Its founders adopted the name of England's principal industrial city to advertise the new city as a center of iron and steel production. Despite outbreaks of cholera, the population of 'Pittsburgh of the South' grew from 38,000 to 132,000 from 1900 to 1910, attracting rural white and black migrants from all over the region. Birmingham experienced such rapid growth that it was nicknamed "The Magic City." By the 1920s, Birmingham was the 19th largest city in the U.S and held more than 30% of the population of the state. Heavy industry and mining were the basis of the economy.
Chemical and structural constraints limited the quality of steel produced from Alabama’s iron and coal. These materials did, however, combine to make ideal foundry iron. Because of low transportation and labor costs, Birmingham quickly became the largest and cheapest foundry iron-producing area. By 1915 twenty-five percent of the nation’s foundry pig iron was produced in Birmingham.
Alabama takes great pride in their sports teams and music. The great Bear Bryant who coached at the University of Alabama still is a state hero for his major success in collegiate football.
This post is very long winded and I will wrap it up and summarize it with this.
I learned Alabama is rich with the spirit of Liberty, Industry and Resistance. There are some very dark spots here but it fostered the defiance of good Americans such as Martin Luther King and the Tuskegee Airman.
My next segment will be titled "North to the Future" a look at Alaska. Please let me know what you think about this post and please bring on the comments whether they are about the post itself, the content or a debatable subject within.