New Documents Show US Participated in Iraqi Chemical Weapons Attack Against Iran and KurdsSubmitted by dice on Tue, 12/03/2013 - 16:15
[This article was written in the Foreign Policy Journal in Aug 2013 but due to their trial/pay wall, it's been copied -I assume- verbatim from the original article to a post at the Pakistan Defense Forum.]
The U.S. government may be considering military action in response to chemical strikes near Damascus. But a generation ago, America's military and intelligence communities knew about and did nothing to stop a series of nerve gas attacks far more devastating than anything Syria has seen, Foreign Policy has learned.
In 1988, during the waning days of Iraq's war with Iran, the United States learned through satellite imagery that Iran was about to gain a major strategic advantage by exploiting a hole in Iraqi defenses. U.S. intelligence officials conveyed the location of the Iranian troops to Iraq, fully aware that Hussein's military would attack with chemical weapons, including sarin, a lethal nerve agent.
The intelligence included imagery and maps about Iranian troop movements, as well as the locations of Iranian logistics facilities and details about Iranian air defenses. The Iraqis used mustard gas and sarin prior to four major offensives in early 1988 that relied on U.S. satellite imagery, maps, and other intelligence. These attacks helped to tilt the war in Iraq's favor and bring Iran to the negotiating table, and they ensured that the Reagan administration's long-standing policy of securing an Iraqi victory would succeed. But they were also the last in a series of chemical strikes stretching back several years that the Reagan administration knew about and didn't disclose.
Continue reading at Pakistan Defense.
Halabja : America didn't seem to mind poison gas
By Joost R. Hiltermann
Published: January 17, 2003