On This Day in 1861, Alabama Seceded.Submitted by dice on Sat, 01/11/2014 - 02:00
On January 11, 1861, the Secession Convention passed a resolution designating a flag designed by a group of Montgomery women as the official flag of the convention. This flag has often been referred to as the Republic of Alabama Flag.
One side of the flag displayed the Goddess of Liberty holding in her right hand an unsheathed sword; in the left a small flag with one star. In an arch above this figure were the words "Independent Now and Forever."
On the other side of the flag was a cotton plant with a coiled rattlesnake. Beneath the cotton plant are the Latin words: "Noli Me Tangere," (Touch Me Not). This flag was flown until February 10, 1861, when it was removed to the Governor's Office after it was damaged by severe weather.
It was never flown again.
This flag and many others may be purchased at the Southern Pride Flag Company of "Occupied" Georgia.
Whereas, the election of Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin to the offices of president and vice-president of the United States of America, by a sectional party, avowedly hostile to the domestic institutions and to the peace and security of the people of the State of Alabama, preceded by many and dangerous infractions of the constitution of the United States by many of the States and people of the Northern section, is a political wrong of so insulting and manacing a character as to justify the people of the State of Alabama in the adoption of prompt and decided measures for their future peace and security, therefore:
Be it declared and ordained by the people of the State of Alabama, in Convention assembled, That the State of Alabama now withdraws, and is hereby withdrawn from the Union known as "the United States of America," and henceforth ceases to be one of said United States, and is, and of right ought to be a Sovereign and Independent State.
Sec 2. Be it further declared and ordained by the people of the State of Alabama in Convention assembled, That all powers over the Territory of said State, and over the people thereof, heretofore delegated to the Government of the United States of America, be and they are hereby withdrawn from said Government, and are hereby resumed and vested in the people of the State of Alabama. And as it is the desire and purpose of the people of Alabama to meet the slaveholding States of the South, who may approve such purpose, in order to frame a provisional as well as permanent Government upon the principles of the Constitution of the United States,
Be it resolved by the people of Alabama in Convention assembled, That the people of the States of Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, Tennessee, Kentucky and Missouri, be and are hereby invited to meet the people of the State of Alabama, by their Delegates, in Convention, on the 4th day of February, A.D., 1861, at the city of Montgomery, in the State of Alabama, for the purpose of consulting with each other as to the most effectual mode of securing concerted and harmonious action in whatever measures may be deemed most desirable for our common peace and security.
And be it further resolved, That the President of this Convention, be and is hereby instructed to transmit forthwith a copy of the foregoing Preamble, Ordinance, and Resolutions to the Governors of the several States named in said resolutions.
Done by the people of the State of Alabama, in Convention assembled, at Montgomery, on this, the eleventh day of January, A.D. 1861. Retrieved Here
ArchiTreats, May 21, 2009 Bob Bradley discusses the history of the Civil War in Alabama.Event Program PDF.
Alabama Civil War Battles Alabama Battles from Dyer's Compendium
Alabama Civil War Trails
The History and Debates of the Convention of the People of Alabama, Begun and held in the City of Montgomery, on the Seventh Day of January, 1861
in which is Preserved the Speeches of the Secret Sessions,
and Many Valuable State Papers: Electronic Edition. Smith, William Russell, 1815-1896.
ArchiTreat presented by Ben Severance at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. December 20, 2012
Severance has compiled over 230 rare photographs of Alabamians during the Civil War. For his presentation, he will draw on a sample of these images, explain his selection process, place each individual in his/her historical context, and then demonstrate the value of using photographs to depict the literal face of war.
Portraits of Conflict: A Photographic History of Alabama in the Civil War is the tenth volume in this acclaimed series showing the human side of the country's great national conflict. Over 230 photographs of soldiers and civilians from Alabama, many never seen before, are accompanied by their personal stories and woven into the larger narrative of the war both on the battlefield and the home front. Amazon.com
Alabama became the fourth state to secede from the Union on January 11, 1861, and Montgomery became the first capital of the Confederate States when members of the first seven states to secede gathered there to form a new government. The port of Mobile was a haven for blockade runners up to the closing of the port in 1864, and one of the last battles of the war was fought at Fort Blakely on April 9, 1865. In the defense of the Confederacy, Alabama raised sixty-five infantry regiments and battalions, five cavalry regiments, and sixteen artillery batteries. More than thirty-five general officers, including the author of this volume, Joseph Wheeler, came from Alabama. In this volume, General Wheeler recounts the history of Alabama during the Civil War-from the day of the 1861 election to the final surrender. In addition, Wheeler provides summary histories of all the infantry, cavalry, and artillery units raised by the state and which saw service for the Confederacy. A concluding chapter lists all the battles in which Alabama regiments fought, giving the regiments, numbers engaged, and losses. The publishers have created a forty-eight page index, which was lacking in the original volume, making this volume and this series easier to use. Amazon.com
Lyrics posted here.
Crooked Creek Civil War Museum, Vinemont Alabama
516 CR 1127
Vinemont, AL 35179
Hours of Operation
Open daily 9-5
Check out video of this Museum here.
The Blue & Gray: North Alabama Civil War Musem
"the largest privately owned collection of Civil War artifacts in the country."
Hours of Operation:
Mon - Sat 10:00am to 5:00pm
723 Bank Street
Decatur, Alabama 35601