Comment: Parmenides of Elea 5BCE

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Parmenides of Elea 5BCE

Parmenides in fragments of a poem he wrote describes two views of reality. The Way of Truth and the Way of Appearances.

He says, "For thought and being are the same."

Descartes averred, "Cogito ergo sum." Moving in the world of appearance made being an effect caused by thinking, by adding ergo or 'therefore' to his formula.

To be aligned with Parmenides, Cogito sum or "I think, I am", is the proper formula.

Fichte complained, "It is easier to convince someone that they are a piece of moon lava, than it is to help them realize that they are an autonomous I."

For knowledge of self is not a piece of impersonal knowledge, but the knowledge that has one who is certain of one's own awareness of one's own self. It is a most certain knowledge, about which no one can say, perhaps you are sleeping and do not know it.

The River Lethe is the river of forgetting. The Greek word for Truth is from alethe, without forgetting. Truth is unforgettable. Augustine formulated, Deus Veritas or "God is Truth". Not as dead fact but living and real.

This knowledge that has us as an individual is independent of any knowledge we have as rational beings. The ancients ones and the modern ones alike have had the potential regardless of their knowledge of themselves as creatures of nature or Nature itself.

Our knowledge of nature is always problematic and fraught with errors. What certain knowledge can we have of a Nature that is conditioned through and through; an endless chain of causes and effects?

What is the unconditional of human knowledge? Comes down to what can I know for sure? Or even more proper, "Is there any knowledge I have that has me, no matter what?"

So the philosopher asks you to reflect. What do you mean when you say "I". Is there a real distinction when you say, "I am" and "I have". Each moment brings the challenge to separate, in thought, what is true and what is held.

It is a matter of reflection. To see one's own self, not as one who is missing, but as the one who is seeking.

As soon as one's autonomy is born, in trots the intellect to share in that good with a thousand questions and descriptions and explanations, that at best can only challenge others, to set aside their rationalizations to seek wisdom and establish freedom.

The intellect can only produce paradox. Can the intellect calm itself and embrace the mystery that has one and leaves one free.

To grasp that knowledge and recognize the autonomy born of that knowledge begins a journey of liberty for others. So I call you friend and leave you free. That you may for yourself find the joy of the great mystery that leaves all {unalienably) free.

As an aside, God is pure, living, free act, not a dead fact. Free even to be or not to be. Or as Moses reported, "I shall be who I shall prove to be." So men can truly say, we are made as a likeness of God.

So I leave you free, I call you friend.

Thank you for your thoughtful post.

Free includes debt-free!