Comment: No State shall make or

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No State shall make or

No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

The part above which I put in bold is what I understand to apply the Bill of Rights to the States.

Consider that the Bill of Rights should probably be called the Bill of Restrictions as it is worded in such a way as to restrict the government from infringing on those various rights.

For example, we see this easily in the first amendment:

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

Those are all immunities/privileges which the 1st prevents the federal government from infringing upon by stating that it 'shall make no law' against them. The 14th, as the Judge mentioned, applies this same limitation to the States. Otherwise, it could be interpreted as the federal government not being able to infringe on your free speech, your religion, etc but the States could.