Your summary looks spot on. If this excerpt from the book, The Bible & War In America is true, I suggest you add #8, politicians who speak out of both sides of their mouth.
Joel McDurmon writes…
Whatever may be said of either side in these skirmishes, the central fact to take away is how difficult it was to raise an army for a corrupt cause PRIOR to the Constitution. Granted, the corrupt forces still eventually won out, but even this was a function of powerful centralized controls: first the imposition of colonial fiat paper, then the bailout laws for the banks and speculators, and the centralizing of the whole State’s legal system largely under the power of the Bostonians. Even here, out of 92,000 enrolled militiamen, only a tiny fraction was willing to support the cause.
And corruption did not stop with the Bostonian bailout and its mercenary militia, it continued in Knox’s leveraging of the crisis to convince Washington into the Constitutional Convention. Knox wrote,
“ What is to give us security against the violence of lawless men? Our government must be braced, changed, or altered to secure our lives and property….
The men of property and men of station and principle there are determined to endeavor to establish and protect them in their lawful pursuits; and, what will be efficient in all cases of internal commotions or foreign invasions, they mean that liberty shall form the basis, - liberty resulting from an equal and firm administration of law.
They wish for a general government of unity, as they see that the local legislatures must naturally and necessarily tend to the general government.”
Urged on by others as well- not to mention by his own predilections for stronger central government- Washington bit. You know the rest of the story; we got that “government of general unity,” along with its new military powers, including a standing army and central control over state militias.
In light of this new government, we now move to the second rebellion in this tale of two: the Whiskey Rebellion of 1792. The situation was very much similar to Shays’: the government (national now as opposed to state) had now centralized all war debts from the revolution, and Hamilton was seeking new sources of revenue to pay them off.
Would you tend to agree with Joel’s assessment?
Miamisburg, Montgomery County, Ohio