Comment: Some Notes for those interested : On Secondary Authorities.

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Some Notes for those interested : On Secondary Authorities.

Please be aware that CJS deals with interpretation via Case Decisions. Sophistry at no additional charge.

Corpus Juris Secundum: Complete Restatement Of The Entire American Law As Developed By All Reported Cases. 163 Volumes including indexes.
Below from : Indiana University R.H. McKinney School of Law


There are two large legal encyclopedias for the United States as a whole: Corpus Juris Secundum published by West Pub. Co. and American Jurisprudence, 2d series, published by Lawyers' Coop. Pub. Co. The articles are narrative in form and read like the text of a book or article. Footnotes provide cites to court decisions. Although West has changed its editorial policy somewhat in recent years, there has long been an important difference between the two sets. C.J.S. claimed to provide footnotes to ALL relevant cases since 1938. Pre-1938 cases are found in the footnotes of Corpus Juris, the now mostly out-of-date first edition of C.J.S. On the other hand, the articles in Am.Jur.2d cite only the major or landmark supporting cases. If you are using Am.Jur.2d, additional court decisions can be located by using the American Law Reports, another publication of Lawyers' Coop. Pub. Co. (See: Pathfinder Finding Cases through the A.L.Rs.) West encyclopedias also provide cites to Key-Words & Numbers used in West digests. (See: Pathfinder Digests - How to Locate Cases with Digests). Note, however, that C.J.S. chapter-names & section-numbers are not the same as the key-words & key-numbers used in West digests. In contrast, Lawyers' Coop. encyclopedias will refer one to the other units of the Total Client Service Library (such as A.L.Rs, Am.Jur. Legal Forms, Am. Jur. Trials, etc.)
Below from : West Law, Publishers.

Cited and quoted as authority in courtrooms across the country, this national legal encyclopedia covers all state and federal legal topics. General rules of law are summarized in "Black Letter" headings and expanded upon in the text. Also provides the limitations and exceptions to the rules where appropriate. Since the citations and the supporting cases involve both state and federal courts, the user gets a full perspective of the law in a local jurisdiction as well as across the country.

All cases fully referenced to West Key Number System®. Annual pocket parts are published to supplement the volumes with relevant new cases and statutory changes. Cited more than 90,000 times by all levels of courts throughout the United States. Complete citations and relevant histories of each case help you locate the law you need. Multi-volume general index and individual topic indexes take you quickly to your answer

CJS is an authoritative American legal encyclopedia that provides a clear statement of each area of law including areas of the law that are evolving and provides footnoted citations to case law and other primary sources of law.
Below from : The Law Library of Congress

Guide to Secondary Legal Resources


The materials used for legal research are generally divided into two broad categories: primary sources and secondary sources. Primary sources are statements of the law from a governmental entity such as a court, legislature, executive agency, president, or governor. Secondary sources offer an analysis, commentary or a restatement of primary law. Secondary sources are used to help locate and explain primary sources of law. These sources may influence a legal decision but they do not have the controlling or binding authority like the primary sources of law.

There are a variety of secondary sources, including:

Legal Dictionaries
Words & Phrases
Legal Encyclopedias
Annotated Law Reports
Legal Periodicals
Legal Treatises, Hornbooks and Nutshells
Loose Leaf Services
Legal Directories.

The Library has an extensive collection of legal treatises and other commentaries. To locate items of interest to you, start with an online catalog search, available at: If you have any questions, ask for assistance at the reference desk (202) 707-5079.

The Constitution is a Trust : http://www.The-Legacy.Info