Comment: Fonta,

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Fonta,

why would this offend me?

To really comment on these different levels of interpretation of the Golden Rule according to this quotation (wherever it is from), would take quite a long time which I don't have now. But what I can say is that none of these different interpretations of the Golden Rule do not take into account what I wrote about Levinas' idea of the infinity and the mystery of the Other.

Levinas' places ethics on a completely new level which none of these levels that you address in this quotation reach. In Levinas the understanding of ethics and what does mean to be a human being in relation to Others goes a radical transformation. For this reason it can be said that Levinas is the most important ethical thinker of the 20th century as he wants to open up the whole question of ethics from a perspective which challenges the whole idea of ethics which bases itself on the self-sameness with others. He wants to go deeper than the Golden Rule.

If Merleau-Ponty challenged in his phenomenological philosophy what does it mean to perceive and experience the world, then Levinas challenges the concept of morality and ethics to its root.

"Air is the very substance of our freedom, the substance of superhuman joy....aerial joy is freedom."--Gaston Bachelard--