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Comment: Well, you probably won't like this than either...

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Well, you probably won't like this than either...

I happen to think Sheldon Richman is completely off. He does not even mention the Stanton or Brushaber rulings which were the first decided in 1916 which unequivocally state that the 16th amendment does not allow congress to directly tax without apportionment. Period. Nothing can be clearer. If the lower courts are NOT in compliance with the Supreme Court, then the lower courts should be disregarded. The matter of the application of the 16th amendment in regards to the constitution is already settled.

Read the Brushaber and Stanton rulings here:

Brushaber Case Here

Stanton Case here

Then read Adam Smith's wealth of nations from 1776 where the following is stated:

"Capitation taxes, so far as they are levied upon the lower ranks of people, are direct taxes upon the wages of labour, and are attended with all the inconveniences of such taxes."

The Founding Fathers were well aware of this. That's why US Constitution Article 1, Section 9, Clause 4 states:

No Capitation, or other direct, Tax shall be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or Enumeration herein before directed to be taken.

There it is, a capitation is a direct tax on the wages of the lower ranks of people.And, this did not change with the ratification of the 16th amendment.

Congress could NOT directly tax without apportionment then and they can't do it now.... And as we've seen, a tax on the wages in the PRIVATE SECTOR, not wages as applied in the Internal Revenue Code, cannot be collected unless apportioned....

Case dismissed....

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Love Liberty, be Vigilant

"Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty" (2 Corinthians 3:17)

Faith in God will prevail all things!

Love Liberty, be Vigilant

"Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty" (2 Corinthians 3:17)

Faith in God will prevail all things!