Not really. He was born and raised in Virginia, as part of one of the oldest and most historic families in the country. His heritage stretched back hundreds of years. The fact that he went to West Point in New York does not really make a difference in where his loyalties laid.
Cultural inheritance is far deeper than where we live, or even where our parents or grandparents lived. In the Northern, Mid-Atlantic, and Southern states, for instance, local culture is still heavily based on the native cultures of the original settlers of those regions, despite being separated by centuries of history. Malcolm Gladwell has an enlightening chapter on the power of heritage in "Outliers." Even if Lee spent his whole life away from Virginia (which he did not, but that is beside the point), his heritage was still as a Lee of Old Virginia, and thus took precedence to the abstract, contrived, and self-serving concept of an "indissoluble Union."
"Yesterday we obeyed kings and bent our necks before emperors, but today we kneel only to truth." - Kahlil Gibran
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