I doubt the border patrol guys know anything about it. But in theory, yes! Only a "citizen of the UNITED STATES" aka "U.S. citizen" is required to show any papers throughout the states of the Union. This is because they are "residents" of the states. A "resident" is someone who is in a place on a temporary basis, not on a permanent basis as you would be led to believe. Just like a hospital "residency" is merely a limited time, a residency in the states is a limited time, because the fixed permanent location for "citizens of the UNITED STATES" is in the District of Columbia, or other federal zone, and NOT one of the states of the Union.
This is why the 14th Amendment is crystal clear that a lower case "c" citizen is:
1) a lower case "c" citizen OF the United States
2) a lower case "c" citizen "resides" in the states:
3)That a lower case "c" citizen OF the United States may be "born OR naturalized", and doesnt have to be "natural born".
4) that no State shall make laws abridging the privileges of these new Federal citizens while they are in the States. (Natural Born upper case "C" citizens were obviously already protected against this)
5) that States cant deprive 14th Amendment "persons" of their life, liberty, or property. (Again, natural born Citizens were already protected from this)
6) and lastly the 14th Am section 1 final sentence refers to "citizens OF the united States" as being "within its jurisdiction" of the States, instead of "subject to" as it used in the first sentence. This is because 14th Amendment citizens are Subject to UNITED STATES jurisdiction but only "within" State jurisdiction.
The 14th Amendment created 2 new classes of citizenship, this was in addition to the already established upper case "C" natural born Citizens, and the already established, but short lived, upper case "C" "Citizen of the United States at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution" as both were found in the original Constitution.
This was also in addition, and as a replacement to, the 1866 Congress created third class of citizen. The lower case "c" statutory citizen of the United States per the 1866 Civil Rights Act.
Since then, Congress has created at least one more statutory citizen of the United States as found throughout the United States Code.
(its is singular and refers to THE UNITED STATES entity, and not the several States United.
SO, there are 6 total types of citizens in the United STates of America.
1) Natural Born Citizen. A man or women born in one of the 50 states of the Union, that has not elected to give up that status. Also known as a State Citizen.
2) A Citizen of the United States at the time of adoption of this Constitution. These People are long dead and was a temporary status to allow the founders and their ilk hold office.
3) 1866 civil rights citizen of the United States. This was a recently freed slave. Replaced by the 14th Amendment citizen.
4) 14th Amendment citizen of the United States. This is ANY person, born or naturalized, anywhere in the country, that signs up to become such citizen with limited rights. Originally encompassed mostly freed slaves, but others began joining up, probably unintentionally.
5) 14th Amendment citizen of the State. This is a lower case "c" citizen of the State, which is actually a "resident" of the state. Technically the 14th Amendment ONLY says that citizens of the United States are "of the State wherein they reside". This could mean that they are "of the State" (meaning from) but not a "citizen of the State".
6) A statutory citizen of the United States. This is ANY of the above that signs up with the UNITED STATES in any capacity without reserving their rights. see UCC 1-308. An Amish person that signs up for social security becomes a statutory citizen of the United States for example.
I hope this helps.
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