Thanks a lot for all the time you spent trying to help me. I haven't had time to fully digest what you wrote, but for now, let me ask this: Was the Coinage Act of 1873 an unfair manipulation of the market? That seems to be what you suggest above. So the problem is that the masses were hurt by the preferencing of gold right? And Ron Paul would say that the government should not have preferenced gold over silver, right? Please forgive my ignorance here. I am far fromm stupid, but for some reason, much of what you guys who follow the metals market flies over my head.