So, what if you have an idea, want to hire people to accomplish it, and people will buy what you sell. Now you need government's strict permission.
The British Empire was mercantilist. Wealth of Nations wasn't published until 1776. Governments chartered corporations
1)Because the King was the boss and people at one time needed his consent to fornicate in their own homes with their own wives.
2)Because state support of a commercial venture was considered critical to competing with other nations. This was before economics was well understood.
Although the federalist, incorporationist, republicanist mindset of people like John Marshall caused a lot of harm, he was also a foremost defender of property rights.
The left has at times been the champion of liberty. But they've never quite understood economics very well. Freedom to keep the product of your labor and make long term plans for what to do with it is an essential freedom, on par with life itself.
The problem is a government that 1)allows corporations (especially the people within them) to be immune from the repercussions of the harm they cause. and 2)government establishes and protects industries through regulation and subsidy, the financial system being the most egregious example.
Solving our socioeconomic problems will involve rethinking finance, but it will have to be in a voluntarist setting, and the right to property shall be absolute.
Corporations then, are people. People trying to obtain property and employ it for gainful purpose, or whatever purpose they choose so long as it isn't harmful to others (via non-aggression). So, protecting 'corporations' is actually sort of important.