Although sometimes it is referred to as law Equity is not law notice how it distinguishes between law and equity? And yes Admiralty and maritime are the same thing although o days it is a mishmash of law Merchant commercial UCC and Admiralty.
An easy way to win a civil case like traffic etc. is to ask the Judge if this is a court of Equity or a court of law. The judge will automatically say something to the effect there is no equity here and then you ask how then can we here this civil case... boom you got em case dismissed...
Common law is written and unwritten law and custom dating back to antiquity. The founders were reluctant to define it entirely but did distinguish that it relied on a trial by jury of peers as opposed to Statute law Admiralty etc. which only required a judge to decide.
"The precise extent of the common law, and the statute law, the maritime law, the ecclesiastical law, the law of corporations, and other local laws and customs, remains still to be clearly and finally established in Great Britain, where accuracy in such subjects has been more industriously pursued than in any other part of the world. The jurisdiction of her several courts, general and local, of law, of equity, of admiralty, etc., is not less a source of frequent and intricate discussions, sufficiently denoting the indeterminate limits by which they are respectively circumscribed."
Federalist Papers pg 160 second paragraph
Blacks Law 4th De Luxe
Common Law. As distinguished from Roman Law, the modern civil law, the cannon law,, and other systems, the common law is that body of law and juristic theory which was originated, developed, and formulated and is administered in England, and has obtained among most of the states and peoples of Anglo-Saxon stock. Lux v. Haggin, 69 Cal 255, 10 P. 674
As distinguished from the law created by enactments of legislatures, the common law comprises the body of those principles and rules of action relating to the government and security of persons and property, which derive their authority solely from usages and customs of immemorial antiquity, or from judgements and decrees of courts recognizing, affirming, and enforcing such usages and customs; and in this sense, particularly the ancient unwritten law of England. Western Union Tel Co. v. Call Pub. Co.,21 S.Ct. 561, 181 U.S. 92
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