Comment: (1) In a few sentences, how

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(1) In a few sentences, how

(1) In a few sentences, how did this change occur?

Generally, time. Legislatures pass laws over time, they are a full-time law-making body so that's what they're going to do. The longer a legislature is in place the less courts need to create common law, basically. Some states rely more on common law than others. Sometimes the common law is contrary to the ACTUAL wishes of the people. After all, a Judge is limited to a perception of law based on one person, whereas theoretically a majority would have a better conception of what the law/custom actually is. At the same time, a judge is FAR more educated and intelligent than the average legislator, so there's no easy answer.

(2) What legal basis is used by a judge to use a statute rather than the Common Law, and can this same legal basis be used by me in reverse to enforce the Common Law on the judge?

The form of government determines the law. At the Federal level, the Constitution is supreme, followed by statutes passed by the Constitutionally-empowered legislature and then interpreted by Constitutionally empowered Judges(common law clarifications of the statute or Federal common law when no statute is available). All of the states generally follow this model.

(3) What are the SPECIFIC things someone can do to AFTER they are either dealing with a bureaucrat by mail who is making allegations that the person "must" do this or that, or when dealing with a judge AFTER some sort of ticket has been written or charge made, that can go around statutes that have nothing to do with anyone violating another person's rights?

Not much, mainly you can attack statutes with other statutes or with the state or Federal Constitution. One common attack is that a statute is "unconstitutionally vague" or "did not provide notice".

Ventura 2012