Comment: Inalienable.... See Declaration of Independence (Original Draft)

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Inalienable.... See Declaration of Independence (Original Draft)

Declaration of Independence (Earlier Thomas Jefferson Draft):

"We hold these truths to be self-evident: That all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain (Inherent and) "INALIENABLE" rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."

This is because they are inherent gift from God and not something that can be given up EVEN by the person possessing them (it is not an individual right). That goes along with not being able to be removed.

It means that an Inalienable (unalienable) Right Trumps even Individual Rights.

It is not that it is "prohibited" from being removed;...

It means it is "IMPOSSIBLE" to be removed.

Here Samuel Adams, in the Rights of the Colonists 1772, Describes this:

In Full:

"...In short it is the greatest absurdity to suppose it in the power of one or any number of men at the entering into society, to renounce their essential natural rights, or the means of preserving those rights when the great end of civil government from the very nature of its institution is for the support, protection and defence of those very rights: the principal of which as is before observed, are life liberty and property.

If men through fear, fraud or mistake, should in terms renounce and give up any essential natural right, the eternal law of reason and the great end of society, "would absolutely vacate such renunciation"; the [Volume 5, Page 396] right to freedom being the gift of God Almighty,

>>>>>>>>it is "NOT in the POWER OF MAN" to alienate this gift, and VOLUNTARILY become a slave--..."


"Inalienable". Much stronger. Correct. :)


Here is a good list of versions I found with .jpg pictures of the parchments - Thought you may enjoy as it clears things up a bit:

"...Unalienable / Inalienable

The question is often asked, "Is the word in the Declaration of Independence unalienable or is it inalienable?"

The final version of the Declaration uses the word "unalienable." Some earlier drafts used the word "inalienable," which is the term our modern dictionaries prefer. The two words mean precisely the same thing.

According to The American Heritage Guide to Contemporary Usage and Style from Houghton Mifflin Company:

The unalienable rights that are mentioned in the Declaration of Independence could just as well have been inalienable, which means the same thing. Inalienable or unalienable refers to that which cannot be given away or taken away.

Here is a listing of known versions of the Declaration, showing which word is used:

1.) The Declaration on parchment, now in the Department of State unalienable

2.) The Declaration as written out in the corrected Journal unalienable

3.) The Declaration as printed by Dunlap under the order of Congress unalienable

4.) The draft of the Declaration in the handwriting of Jefferson now in The American Philosophical Society, in Philadelphia inalienable

5.) The Declaration in the handwriting of Jefferson now in the New York Public Library inalienable

6.) The draft of the Declaration in the handwriting of Jefferson now in the Massachusetts Historical Society, in Boston inalienable

7.) The copy in the handwriting of John Adams of the "Rough draught" of the Declaration, now at the Massachusetts Historical Society. unalienable

In a footnote in "The Declaration of Independence: A Study in the History of Political Ideas" by Carl Lotus Becker, published 1922, we learn:

The Rough Draft reads "[inherent &] inalienable."

There is no indication that Congress changed "inalienable" to "unalienable"; but the latter form appears in the text in the rough Journal, in the corrected Journal, and in the parchment copy. John Adams, in making his copy of the Rough Draft, wrote " unalienable." Adams was one of the committee which supervised the printing of the text adopted by Congress, and it may have been at his suggestion that the change was made in printing. "Unalienable" may have been the more customary form in the eighteenth century ..."

So, we'll just do as they had done and use them both... ( and not be too hard on each other's choice :)

Maybe even throw in a "indefeasible rights" once in a while...(Patrick Henry, Virginia Ratifying convention 6-16-1788) just to stir things up a bit :)

American Patriot Party.CC

Educate yourself, Educate Others.

RichardTaylorAPP - Chair - American Patriot Party.CC

John Locke #201, 202, 212 to 232; Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions 1798; Virginia Ratifying Convention 6-16-1788; Rights of the Colonists 1772.