Comment: it's a bank

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it's a bank

doesn't matter if it the nations bank or a local bank, by fractional design they are all insolvent. A bank may be cash-flow insolvent but balance-sheet solvent if it holds illiquid assets, particularly against short term debt that it cannot immediately realize if called upon to do so. What you are describing is a bank that can have negative net assets showing on its balance sheet but still be cash-flow solvent if ongoing revenue is able to meet debt obligations, and thus avoid default: for instance, if it holds long term debt.