I appreciate your counter logic here. However, I think you are misunderstanding my statements here.
The two parties to the contract of Government
We the People
We the People are men and women who acknowledge the contract and pay for its establishment and operation
US Citizens are the members of We the People (men and women) who voluntarily contracted to be bound under the capacity of the US Citizen created by the People with the Constitution. This capacity has prohibitions and obligations of the man/woman in the capacity. This is a valid contract with the People because it meets all elements of a valid contract. All legislation of the government is for and applicable to the capacity of the US Citizen. This means that regulatory code is applicable to capacity. Common Law is applicable to the People including the men and women in the capacity of US Citizen. It is like when you get a job. While on the clock you are subject to rule and regulations that have no application when you are not on the clock(under capacity) of employment. The same goes for US Citizens. This is even acknowledged in California penal code section 4:
"The rule of the common law, that penal statutes are to be strictly construed, has no application to this Code."
See what I am saying about the two different capacities and subsets of applicable laws?
This answers your question:
Criminal by what laws?
Common Law. Forcing another entity into contract is extortion and has forms of law dating back over 5000 years. Using deception and trickery to unlawfully deprive someone of property is fraud and also has various forms of interpretation dating back over 5000 years. This is common law because when juries or bodies reviewing disputes found that when people had intent to perform such acts they were determined criminal. It is Common understanding in Nature. The nature of Fraud itself is that one does not know they are being defrauded until later. Now the we discovered the fraud being committed against us they fail in logic every time because it is the nature of crime. Crime only has malicious intent and a logical justification can never be found.
Knowing that the Constitution is a contract with another man/woman with binding prohibitions and obligations introduces MANY questions for those under that capacity that are logical check mates. Such as asking a State Judge:
What capacity are you under right now in these proceeding?
Answer the STATE of X
Is the State of X the same entity under and bound by Article 1 Section 10 of the US Constitution?
To date NO ASNWER from any judge in 7 documented attempts in court on the record. Why?
If they say yes it is the same entity. Then you now have PROOF of a Common Law Breach of Duty by the Man filling the capacity of the US Citizen because they are using unlawful debt notes as a tender in the payment of debts. This means the man who claims to be a Judge with authority loses that authority instantly because the corporate veil of US Citizen capacity can be pierced and you have a valid cause of action. Any attempt to move forward extends in to fraud and extortion and now raises to the level of a common law felony being committed.
If they say no the capacity is not the same entity under and bound by Article 1 section 10 then they loses all authority because they are no lawfully recognized entity to perform the function.
This is only one of hundreds of example questions I have found since learning the true nature of the fraud of citizen of the United States.
Do you see what I mean here? Does this answer your question? If not let know.
The most powerful Law of Nature is Time. It is finite and we all will run out of it. Use this Law to your advantage, for it offers you infinite possibilities...