Off the top of my head, there are 3 crimes that require an eye for an eye. There is the one you mentioned with a pregnant woman, assault(up to murder), and perjury. In all 3 cases an eye for an eye is the appropriate penalty. But that is not an excuse to hate your brother, hold a grudge, or take revenge.
"Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD[YHUH}." Leviticus 19:18
"Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord." Romans 12:19
"Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;" Matt 5:44
"Therefore shall they eat of the fruit of their own way, and be filled with their own devices." Prov 1:31
There is no need to hate anyone, or avenge yourself, or lose any sleep over those who escape. But if someone intentionally causes a damage in those 3 cases mentioned above, and they are brought before the judges and convicted, the penalty is eye for an eye.
"Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.
For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.
Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven." Matthew 5:17-20
Now, the quote "he who is without sin cast the first stone" brings us back to the law. Sin is the violation of the law. The law they accused the woman of violating was Deuteronomy 22:22 and Leviticus 20:10. Here are the quotes: "the adulterer AND the adulteress shall surely be put to death." and "they shall BOTH of them die, BOTH the man that lay with the woman, and the woman" (emphasis mine)
I suspect he wrote those words on the ground. The prosecutors admitted notice of the law in Deuteronomy 22:22 and Leviticus 20:10. They were seeking an execution, but it seems they failed to bring the man, also "caught in the act," as the law required, or to give any explanation for his absence. That is "sin," violation of the law, and when it was pointed out to them the case was dwopped(dismissed for want of prosecution).
Kind of like when the police arrest a guilty man after searching his house and finding drugs, but the law required they get a warrant. So, they dwop the case. And rightly so.
That's my guess anyway.
Sorry, got long winded there. :-)
I might add that while one may forgive a man, that man should correct his damages by repaying. If it were a theft he would repay at least double what he stole. How much is an eye worth? He would repay at least the amount of the eye. There is an example of an open ended monetary settlement for gross negligence found in Exodus 21:29-30. For intentional damage to an eye, the maximum penalty by law would be an eye, or a life for life. If you wanted to forgive me for damaging your eye, great! But I would feel responsible to pay medical bills, lost wages, and other monetary damages.
I also neglected to mention the turn the other cheek quote
"But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also. And if any man will sue thee at the law, and take away thy coat, let him have thy cloak also."
I agree with this 100%, but it does not repeal the penalty for assault or theft. It does not repeal the death penalty either.
Ok, I think I'm done... Good questions! Hope that helps.
Hear, O Israel: YHUH our God YHUH one. And thou shalt love YHUH thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.
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