I haven't reached any conclusions, but two things I know:
1) Jesus didn't live, die, and rise again just to saddle us all with an even harder set of moral rules.
2) While it's clear God's character doesn't change, God's commands to his people did change throughout the bible narrative according to circumstances. At one point, the righteous thing to do with kill everything that breathed in a particular village. At another point, the righteous thing to do was let your pagan enemies kill you without fighting back. I could go on and on with examples. Even in Jesus' own words, how many times did he say "you have heard it said... but now I tell you..."? God's commands (or tactics) changed with the historical settings. Same God, same righteousness.
My feeling is that good is always good, but depending on the historical setting, how that good reacts to the actions of evil changes as the actions of evil change. In the 1st century during the advent of the gospel, it was important for the early church to not resist persecution with force. It was a winning tactic, but then Constantine showed up and the tactics changed, allowing Christianity to dominate Europe, often at the point of a sword. Eventually the Feudal system wherein only a few had the right to keep and bear arms gave way to our current system, where we all have that right. So, since God has given us the power of the sword, it's not a sin to use it in doing good.
Just some quick thoughts.
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