Comment: My pick is still Jackson.

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My pick is still Jackson.

Jackson was caught between a rock (States Rights) and a hard place (Compact of 1802).

It was Thomas Jefferson, who set up the removal of the Indians with the Compact of 1802, then gold speculators who put pressure on the states, namely Georgia, to have the Compact enforced.

It's a sad story, but Jackson stood for States Rights, even if the state happened to be morally bereft, and in the interest of states rights, influenced the Cherokee to sign the removal treaty. In my opinion, for the time, his was an attempt at as peaceful a resolution as could be elicited from a very volatile mixture of circumstances, which was probably destined to turn ugly in any course.

Further, Martin Van Buren could have denied the states access to the armed forces that actually enforced the treaty, burned out and relocated the tribes, so it's not entirely fair to place this on Jackson.