Comment: Your #1 and #2 need some clarification or re-wording.

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Your #1 and #2 need some clarification or re-wording.

#1 does not rely on jurisdiction of the Congress. It relies on the jurisdiction of the States. Be careful with the term "United States" as it can legally mean 3-4 different things. Therefore, ONLY those born in one of the several States to two citizens are 'natural born citizens.' For example, someone born in D.C. or any Territory, organized or not, are NOT 'natural born citizens' and not eligible to be President or Vice-President. They achieve their citizenship via the 14th Amendment - which is your #2. The place where they were born is owned by the United States of America, but is not part of the United States of America. This goes to one of the advantages to statehood. There is then the dirty issue of what to do about people born in territories that later became States and then ran for president. This has happened, and generally, the issue was swept away, though legally, it should not have been. (there's also an issue with Ohio being improperly admitted, and thus raising questions of several president's eligibility, but that too is usually swept away since to go back and fix it is too messy)

#2 is a distinct class of citizenship which did not replace the #1 class, and which did not exist before the 14th Amendment. The Surpeme Court has issued several opinions on the limited nature of this version of citizenship. The Bill of Rights for example, does not apply to such citizens unless Congress has SPECIFICALLY extended a provision to them. At this time, not all of those 10 amendments have been extended as protections to 14th Amendment citizens.