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Comment: Not only did Judaism emerge

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Not only did Judaism emerge

Not only did Judaism emerge from an earlier polytheism, but it remains one of the few major religions that is pagan in character, i.e., national, the god of a tribe or people, not universal. That is rare among modern religions. It would be as if the Greeks suddenly revived Zeus, as a god for the Greeks, and then denied all the other gods in the Greek pantheon and denied the gods of all other nations, while retaining for Zeus his purely Greek character and viewing non Greeks as beneath Greeks in the eyes of god. It is an anachronistic hybrid of monotheism and paganism, and for that reason, remains interesting.

You may disagree with the following text, but I copy it from Wikipedia, and so there is a good deal of references to the academic sources for claims made. Disagree with them as you will, they still represent at least a large block of academic opinion, if not necessarily a consensus. You might disagree, but you can't act as if I made it up, or my claims were 'baseless.'

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

ɑːweɪ/ or /ˈjɑːhweɪ/; Hebrew: יהוה‎), was the national god of the Iron Age kingdoms of Israel and Judah. The name probably originated as an epithet of the god El, head of the Bronze Age Canaanite pantheon ("El who is present, who makes himself manifest"),[1] and appears to have been unique to Israel and Judah,[2] although a god Yahweh may have been worshiped south of the Dead Sea at least three centuries before the emergence of Israel (the Kenite hypothesis).

In the oldest biblical literature (12th–11th centuries BCE) Yahweh is a typical ancient Near Eastern "divine warrior" who leads the heavenly army against Israel's enemies; he and Israel are bound by a covenant (a feature unique in ancient Near Eastern religion) under which Yahweh will protect Israel, and Israel in turn will not worship other gods.[3] At a later period Yahweh functioned as the dynastic cult (the god of the royal house),[4] the royal courts promoting him as the supreme god over all others in the pantheon, notably Baal, El, and Asherah (the last of whom may have been his consort).[5] Over time Yahwism became increasingly intolerant of rivals, and the royal court and temple promoted Yahweh as God of the entire cosmos, possessing all the positive qualities previously attributed to the other gods and goddesses.[4][5] With the work of Second Isaiah (the theoretical author of the second part of the Book of Isaiah) towards the end of the Babylonian exile (6th century BCE), the very existence of foreign gods was denied, and Yahweh was proclaimed as the creator of the cosmos and true God of all the world.[5]