Comment: The first section defines the scope of the act ...

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The first section defines the scope of the act ...

... and is consistent with the Constitution.

The rest of the sections are written within the context of the overall scope. Sec. 1543 has to do with REPORTS, not POWERS. The reports are within the context of the SCOPE.

Any action the President does MUST be pursuant to (1) a declaration of war, (2) statutory authorization by Congress, or (3) in response to an attack upon the US or its military. If the President acts for one of those 3 reasons, THEN he must issue reports, and if he fails to do so, must withdraw.

The President has NO unilateral authority to engage in war without congressional approval, UNLESS it is a response to an attack. AND he must submit reports (although that part is probably unconstitutional, since the Constitution does not say anything about reports).

Anyone who claims otherwise is claiming that an act of Congress trumps the Constitution, which is impossible. The act, as written, is within the Constitution.