Actually, there may be a counterpoint here.
"The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand"
It says the "number of representatives" shall not exceed... not the number of people being represented shall not exceed...
So 30,000 people may not have two representatives. If 3,000,000 people have one representative, that still falls within the bounds of the text above. There is not more than one representative for every 30,000. There is -fewer- than one representative per 30,000.
So under this text, a state -may- choose to have one rep per 30,000 people (or fewer). The law changed, however, to where states no longer have that choice.
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