From my understanding, the 14th created a second class of citizens.....the recently freed slaves, who were not considered equal and, therefore, not guaranteed the same rights under common law. It boils down to Original Intent. The Civil War was not fought over slavery (regardless of what we were taught in the public fool system) but, it did bring about the end of slavery. Post-Civil War reforms focused on injustices to African Americans. The 14th Amendment was ratiﬁed in 1868 to protect the rights of native-born Black Americans, whose rights were being denied as recently-freed slaves. It was written in a manner so as to prevent state governments from ever denying citizenship to blacks born in the United States.
"In short, the 14th Amendment created another [new] class of citizen. This new type of citizen was not created by the well-settled and long existing rules and tradition of international law as relating to citizenship, such as is the case for men who gained their state citizenship by birth upon the land. This new class of citizen gained his citizenship by the citizens of the "original class of citizenship" agreeing to establish a new class of citizenship and gifting that new class of citizenship (by the Amendment) to a certain designated "class of persons" who, at that time, were without any form of citizenship."
Since Americans claiming the original class of citizenship have "inalienable rights", what rights have 14th Amendment citizens? The answer is as clear as it is unfortunate: mere civil rights.
The biggest mistake our founding fathers made was not considering all people equal from the beginning. This mentality, unfortunately, still persists today.
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