Comment: Not just a "another [new]

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Not just a "another [new]

Not just a "another [new] class of citizen," but a citizen within an entirely new jurisdiction. The peoples of the union had always been known as possessing the nationality of their respected State, where they possessed Natural Rights uner the Common Law of their respective State. If they were known as Americans, or Citizns of the [U]nited States, it was ONLY by virtue of their being first Article 4 Citizens of a State in the Union. Otherwise, there was no such lawful status as US citizen.

The US citizen, as I have mentioned elsewhere, and stated well above, does not enjoy the benefits of the Common Law under a Republican form of government, as guaranteed to every State in the Union by the Constitution, for the 14th Amendment US federal citizen exists, as a matter of International Law, outside the Union. She is not an Article 4 Citizen of a State, and is thus under the direct control of Congerss. As the government of the [U]nited States exists physically outside the Union, so do its citizens, jurisdictionally, exist outside the several States of the Union.

The 13th Amendment abolished private slavery in the form of involuntary servitude, while the 14th Amendment institutionalized public slavery through voluntary servitude in the form of Federal citizenship. The status of the freed slaves was certianly an issue, but could have been delt with in a manner devoid of the evils embedded within the 14th Amendment.

~ Engage in the war of attrition: