Comment: Force settles questions of power, not principle.

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Force settles questions of power, not principle.

Saying killing 600,000 Americans vindicates the principle that the Constitution created a permanent union is like saying successfully murdering a woman's parents vindicates her kidnapping. It is OK, because her parents were not able to prevent it. So, in principle, kidnapping is vindicated, if successfully accomplished, regardless of the means used. Any crime, under this argument, is vindicated by its success.

The problem is the states had no intention of surrendering their sovereignty to the Union. Massachusetts considered seceding over the Louisiana Purchase and the War of 1812. South Carolina debated secession versus nullification over the Tariff of Abominations in 1828. From its ratification, various states debated leaving the more perfect union every few years.

[F]orce can only settle questions of power, not of right. - Clyde N. Wilson