"..for all that exists that we, as humans, can know..exists in time."
If the presupposition is that God can effect the material universe at will, then what's the issue? In fact, the presupposition within Christian theism is that God is not only capable of effecting the material universe, but that He is continually sustaining it.
"If a being is outside time, then how is anything to know "him" that is within this infinitesimally small space?"
In the case of the Christian God, we cannot, unless he reveals Himself, and He has. He has in at least three ways.
- By natural revelation; the very nature of this contingent material universe, including ourselves (our own nature being one that some put in a different category altogether) - a source available to all men.
- In the person of Jesus Christ (limited in direct terms to a particular space within time and particular people)
- And to those He has called to faith through the divine revelation of scripture.
"And further, how is one to expect to appreciate the laws that this God commands upon a population over 4,000 years ago?"
"Appreciate"? Well, if one knows of this God through His various revelations, then what does a mere 4000 years of history really matter to them? But to be clear, it has always been a part of Christian orthodoxy that God's commands are of two very distinct kinds. One kind is indeed applicable to a certain population, within a particular frame of time. The other kind, which one can call God's moral laws, is applicable to all mankind at all times. For example, one series of commands discusses transporting a particular ark, across a particular wilderness. The other set discusses how to treat ones neighbor, be he Moses, Obama or Ron Paul. In the case of any, one shouldn't covet his property or sleep with his wife.
"This God must be asking too much for it to actually consider such a tiny brained animal to believe in something that only showed itself to prophets thousands of years ago, and at no time in the recent few hundred years, even."
This statement is simply packed with your own metaphysical and epistemological assumptions, along with your resulting personal feelings about what is or isn't reasonable expectations to hold.
"How would a God like that think to survive in such an advanced scientific age without showing itself in an obvious way?"
This question carries the expectation that we accept your understanding about God's nature and that your conclusions about what is reasonable to expect are, well, reasonable. And it is stated in a strange way to Christian ears... how would God think to survive without showing himself to science? Excuse me, what?
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