Including Great Britain and America. The UK and then the US have been used as empire builders and colonisers especially since the Bank of England was established in 1694. Even before then there were the Spanish, French and Dutch colonial enterprises. The Germans later joined the rush (as well as Belgium in an opportunistic fashion) and my understanding is that the resistance of the British and French ruling classes to the German upstarts was the real motivation for the Great War.
Empire building has been going on since ancient times and it was given impetus with the institution of private banking that took place in the Assyrian Empire around the 7th. century B.C. I believe. These banking enterprises discovered that it was most profitable to lend to powerful rulers and the rulers depended on ready money to advance their conquests. The looting and enslavement of the conquered nations has always been the result.
My own view is that until we can fully understand and change the way in which human enterprise and natural resources have been monetised and securitised, through many layers of risk transfer, we shall continue to suffer from the same condition. The theories that have been formulated to describe this process and to suggest alternatives are, in my opinion, quite inadequate. I believe they continue to ignore the inevitable growth of deliberate paper shuffling confusion resulting from the efforts of powerful, clever charlatans to transfer moral hazard to those least liable for it and least able to refuse to assume it...the people at large.
"Jesus answered them: 'Truly, truly, I say to you, everyone who commits sin is a slave to sin. The slave does not remain in the house forever; the son remains forever. So if the Son sets you free, you will be free indeed.'" (John 8:34-36)
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