...taxes. Marrying two wives is marrying two wives. There are better ways to seek out than merely going by what corruption has been tolerated by God in allowing man the freedom to learn the consequences of his actions. Back then polygamy was the cultural norm. Taxes are still a cultural norm now. That does not mean they should be.
I actually also see a bit of an implied message in Christ's words 'render unto Caesar what is Caesar's, and unto God what is God's' -- my mind immediately jumps to think 'but what is Caesar's is really God's', and I have a feeling this is what we were being left to think in our own minds with that statement. Also, in his discussion of Pilate's authority, it's very plain that this is really an illusion, an aberration -- in reality there is no authority except God's free will and His grace in allowing room for our free wills to act as well. So you could call every evil act 'authorized' by God, by agents he has 'authorized' -- not because He wills those evils, but because He authorizes our wills, which are free to choose. I think Romans 13 must also be read in this light, of what God's authorization or allowance of authority really means.
Edit: ah it just clicked -- maybe Romans 13 can be seen as Paul saying 'hey guys, God has allowed these other guys in this time and place to carry swords to punish people (whether or not their claimed authority is really in sync with His will, His goodness); don't think that just because you are Christians and resisting their abuses that God will step in to save you from any harm.' Of course, Paul would have to be careful how he worded such things in case the authorities ended up reading his epistle. Perhaps there was a certain amount of reading between the lines also intended here for this particular audience.
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