Comment: Changes and Additions: *Edit*

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Changes and Additions: *Edit*

It's hard to say for sure when most of the recent updates were added, but I'll try to start recording the major changes in the comments like I do with my other posts. You'll notice that I link to many books on learning from the 1800s and early to mid 1900s. Far from being archaic, some of these books on learning are underappreciated gems. They teach basic principles of thinking that can be applied just as easily in the technological age we currently live in.

I've also reordered the categories, placing the books first, adding a few quotes here and there.

Added under the "Learning & Mental Development" category:

How To Study - By George Fillmore Swain (1917)
Link 1 - Read online (Project Gutenberg)
Link 2 - Read online (Archive.org)
Link 3 - Amazon.com

Elementary Lessons In Logic: Deductive and Inductive - By William Stanley Jevons (1870)
"Henry Hazlitt strongly recommended this book for all students of the social sciences. It had a formative influence on his life. In fact, it is the book that taught him how to think.

And not only Hazlitt. William Stanley Jevons's book was the seminal contribution that educated many generations of English and American scholars that crucial discipline of logic. It teaches the rules for thinking. Now, this was a subject that every student once had to take, and not in college but quite early in life, and certainly by high school.

No more. Today, it is widely assumed that there is no structure of thinking that is worth studying. And perhaps that explains why serious thinking is so rare. It is nothing short of astonishing that most people go all the way through school with no exposure to logic at all." (Mises.org)

Link 1 - Free pdf download (Mises.org)
Link 2 - Read online (1918)(Archive.org)

The Improvement of the Mind: A Discourse on the Education of Children and Youth - By Isaac Watts
Note: This book was mentioned by Henry Hazlitt, in his book, "Thinking as a Science."

Table of Contents - Incomplete list of chapter links
Link 1 - Read online (Google Books)(1825)
Link 2 - Read online (1768)(Archive.org)

Of Studies - Essay by Sir Francis Bacon (1625)
Note: This essay was mentioned by Henry Hazlitt, in his tutorial, "Thinking as a Science."
Link - (Authorama.com)

Thinking as a Science - By Henry Hazlitt (1916)
"It's incredible that this 1916 tutorial on how to think, by none other than Henry Hazlitt, would still hold up after all these years. But here's why. Hazlitt was largely self-educated. He read voraciously. He trained himself to be a great intellect. In the middle of this process, he discovered that it is far more important to learn to think clearly than to merely take in information." (Mises.org)

Link 1 - Read online (Archive.org)
Link 2 - (MP3 audio: 2012)(Archive.org)

How To Solve It: A New Aspect of Mathematical Method - By George Polya (1945)
"In this best-selling classic, George Pólya revealed how the mathematical method of demonstrating a proof or finding an unknown can be of help in attacking any problem that can be "reasoned" out--from building a bridge to winning a game of anagrams. Generations of readers have relished Pólya's deft instructions on stripping away irrelevancies and going straight to the heart of a problem. How to Solve It popularized heuristics, the art and science of discovery and invention. It has been in print continuously since 1945 and has been translated into twenty-three different languages." (Princeton University Press)

George Pólya & How to solve It - Short bio and description of Polya's Four Principles
Link 1 - Read online (Scribd)
Link 2 - Amazon.com

What Smart Students Know - By Adam Robinson (1993)
Link - Amazon.com

How To Study In College - (Seventh Edition) - By Walter Pauk (2001)
Link - Amazon.com

Memory: How to develop, train and use it - By William Walker Atkinson (1919)
The purpose of this book is to teach the "natural methods of memory cultivation' and to show how "artificial memory systems" may damage natural memory. "Natural associations educate, while artificial ones tend to weaken the powers of the mind, if carried to any great length."
Note: Feel free to focus on the practical aspects and ignore the "new age" philosophy that is sometimes slipped in.
Link 1 - Read online (1919)(Archive.org)
Link 2 - Read online (1912)(Archive.org)